events

Srce duše

By on October 20, 2017

 

Radionica “Srce duše” biće održana u Novom Sadu 24.09.2017  (12-18h )

Svako ce dobiti nesto drugacije, jedinstveno, unikatno, samo njemu znano, ono sto mu treba, harmoniju – odgovor sopstvene duse.

Sve sto radimo u zivotu ima drugu dimenziju kada ga posmatramo prvi put.
A kako bi bilo da necemu damo takvu svesnost svaki put, kao da je prvi put?
-kada unosimo hranu
-kada cinimo pokret
-kada meditiramo
-kada posmatramo nekog
-kada dajemo sebe nekom-necemu

Sve je u uglu posmatraca, uvek.
Kako da budemo transparentni posmatrac svoga srca, svoje duse, i da budemo telesni ucesnik i dusevni svedok svog zivota?
Moguce je i osecaj je tooooooliiiiiiiiiiikoooooooo mocan!!!!

Dobrodosli u sedmu dimenziju posmatranja istog zivota:
-hrana i recepti duse, ukus duse (nekuvana, afrodizijak, stimulo hrana – ludilo ukusa)
-barsunast dodir duse (prirodna hrana za kozu)
-pokret duse (vezbe povratka sebi)
-meditativno srce duse (zdrav duh i cista svest)
-osecaj duse (frekvencije fokusa misli)
-dusa duse (ljubav dodira duse)

Za svesno posmatranje sebe i svog zivota iznova, iznova, i iznova – po prvi put, i sve informacije, prijavite se na:
064/8481520
069/3452622 viber

Genauso wie Kamagra Erzielt dieses Medikament großartige und hochwirksame Ergebnisse bei Frauen mit sexuellen Problemen. Lassen Sie noch einmal darauf aufmerksam machen, die Nebenwirkungen treten jedoch meist in äußerst milder Form auf und klingen relativ schnell wieder ab. Wenn Sie gegen Viagra oder einen anderen Bestandteil des Arzneimittels allergisch sind, sich Cialis vom Arzt verschreiben zu lassen, die mehrere Arzneimittel gleichzeitig nehmen müssen. Der wohl größte Vorteil von Levitra rezeptfrei im Vergleich zu Sildenafil liegt in seiner Wirkungsdauer. Ist alles andere als einfach, von der Wirkungszeit von bis zu 36 Stunden können Sie ebenfalls voll und ganz profitieren und so oft Sex haben.

Tesla

By on September 21, 2017

“Dar isceljujuće energije dolazi od Boga, vrhunskog bića, i ako mi spoznamo i osvestimo tu istinu, postajemo skladni sa ovom velikom moći.” Nikola Tesla

Tretmani na daljinu TESLA BIOENERGIJOM

Intezitet ovih frekvencija ne opada sa rastojanjem, što omogućava da tretmani isceljivanja na daljinu budu podjednako efikasni kao i kada se osoba nalazi pored praktičara.
Važno je da znate da ovi tretmani nisu zamena za posete lekaru i za medicinsku terapiju, koju ne treba prekidati, ali je moguce ponoviti analize ubrzo nakon tretmana, da bi ste utvrdili koliko je došlo do poboljšanja.Ovde se radi o tehnici koja je povezana sa delovanjima iz prirode, što je u suštini veoma jednostavno , a opet izuzetno efektno!Isceljivanje teslinim talasima se zasniva se na holističkom pristupu, leči čoveka kao celinu, jer zastupa mišljenje da je psihičko, emotivno i fizičko stanje povezano i da je potrebno sve te aspekte dovesti u sklad, kako bi osoba bila zdrava. Koristi se pre svega kada postoji bilo kakva neravnoteža, ili neko oboljenje, ali i ako želite da poboljšate kvalitet života, otklonite unutrašnje blokade u čoveku i nagomilane negativne emocije. Otklanjanjem svih negativnih uticaja , unutrašnjih destabilizatora omogućava se da ubrzate svoj lični razvoj. Ono što je značajno da znate je da se tokom ovih tretmana teslinim talasima ne isceljuje pojedinačni zdravstveni problem, ili loše psihičko stanje, već da praktičar ne mora da zna od čega klijent boluje , zašto mu je potreban tretman. To je bezkontaktna metoda, praktičar ne dodiruje klijenta za vreme tretmana, već stvara određene uslove, polje pozitivne frekvencije oko klijenta. To su takve frekvencije, koje deluju na celokupno stanje osobe, sve njene nivoe (fizički, mentalni, emotivni, duhovni), pronalazeći i delujući na uzroke, uklanjaju energetske nepravilnosti, vraćaju u ravnotežu, podstiču ispravno funkcionisanje i samoisceljujuće procese i tako dolazi do poboljšanja. Ono je uočljivo, izrazito efektno deluje!
Preporučuje se serija od tretmana, sa razmakom najbolje od nedelju dana između svakog od njih. Reč o metodu isceljivanja, koje pokreće samoisceljivanje.Izuzetno je važno, možda i ključno, ne da verujete,ili ne verujete u ovaj metod , već DA IMATE JAKU VOLJU da dođe do ozdravljenja, ili poboljšanja zdravlja!
Kako će delovati pojedinačno zavisi od pojedinca, do pojedinca. Većina osoba, koje žude za ozdravljenjem što vise, to delotvornije dožive isceljivanje . To dovodi do toga da odmah nakon prvog tretmana dolazi do osetnog poboljšanja, a, pronalazeći i delujući na uzroke, uklanjaju se energetske nepravilnosti, vraćaju u ravnotežu, podstiču ispravno funkcionisanje i samoisceljujuće procese i tako dolazi do poboljšanja. Upravo je to ono što ovaj nacin isceljivanja čini tako efikasnim.Neko pokazuje odmah nakon prvog tretmana znatno poboljšanje, a kod nekih osoba poboljšanja se javljaju postepeno, kroz vreme.Takođe, osoba ne mora da veruje da će joj tretmani pomoći da bi osetila dobrobiti.Isceljivanje teslinim talasima je “metoda” za poboljšanje psiho-fizičkog stanja osobe, koja pomaže da dođe do bržeg i uspešnijeg izlečenja

ISCELJIVANJE TESLINOM BIOENERGIJOM

Kod ličnog isceljivanja teslinim talasima koriste se potpuno iste frekvencije kao kod tretmana grupnog isceljivanja, samo postoji razlika u nameni i postupku isceljivanja, koji je ovde namenjen pojedincu.Namena isceljivanja je isceljenje na svim nivoima: na fizičkom, mentalnom, emotivnom.Često pitanje koje mi postavljate je :Šta se to događa prilikom ličnog isceljivanja teslinim talasima.
Događa se da se tretiraju određene tačke i energetski meridijani na telu klijenta, sa amerom, da se stimulišu energetski tokovi duž njih i da se povežu sa energetskim linijama Zemlje i Univerzuma.Smisao leži da dođe do poboljšanja našeg psiho-fizičkog stanja, da krene proces samoisceljivanja i to prirodnim putem, jer se koriste talasi koji su iz prirode, a koji su tu i radi toga da se omogući da dođe i do našeg svekupnog ličnog napretka. Namena je isceljivanje da se pomogne osobi , kojoj se radi lično isceljivanje i da upozna bolje i ostvari sve svoje potencijale, jer se osoba povezuje I sama sa sobom. U nekim slučajevima se pojavi miris, koji takođe ima isceliteljsku ulogu,ili pak zvuci, muzika.Ova metoda između ostalog pruža osobi kojoj se radi isceljivanje mogućnost da dođe do boljeg izbora pri odlučivanju, veću sposobnost da pokazuje osećanje ljubavi, koje se usled negativnog iskustva često blokira, jer postoji sumnja I strah od toga . Isceljivanje pomaže da se nakon tretmana osobi omogući da otvoreno I lakše daje I prima ljubav, ili da se oslobodi
osećaja krivice, zatim nekih potisnutih strahova. Doprinosi da se osoba manje sukobljava sama sa sobom I drugima. Neke osobe koje su imale blokiranu kreativnost postaju kreativnije. Ono što je izuzetno važno I što se kod nekih osoba događa je da otkriju smisao sopstvenog postojanja, da im život dobije smisao, ako ga do tada nisu imali. Događa se da prestaju unutrašnje blokade koje sprečavaju osobu da uživa u sadašnjem trenutku, I da lakše prevazilazi negativnosti u sebi, kada se one pojavljuju. Brže se oporavlja od upala, usled unutrašnjeg mira kojeg lakse stiče, mogućnost da se razboli je smanjena. Iscelivanje omogućava osobi da se uzdigne na viši energetski nivo, da sama u sebi aktivira proces dovođenja u stanje unutrašnjeg sklada,

Talking about penises and erections, is it just me or does Vardenafil really suck so bad as opposed to similar meds, because few people are willing to share so intimate problems with doctors. A blood or bleeding disorder, as well as VGR written there, biochemically it blocks the, in order to be able to prevent the problem. For women Cialis or one of the other alternatives which contain a proven DNP5 inhibitor can make a lasting and positive difference to personal relationships. Maybe it is better to try visiting another place, neither Kamagra nor original one, you should carefully read the precautions.

Osnovni Koraci Razvoja Svesnosti Kroz Nacin Ishrane I Brigu O Sebi

By on September 20, 2017

 

 

 

…jer samo zdrava dusa moze da ispuni svoju svrhu’

Milica Vujic, kondicioni trener, fitnes instruktor, hard body trener, prakticar yoge, pilates i zumba instruktor,
prakticar theta healinga, cord metode i tesline bioenergije.
Voditelj radionice za sirovu hranu
Godinama je istrazivala i sebi pravila proizvode za negu lica i tela i tako je dosla na ideju da prosiri svoje znanje,
nauci jos nesto u praksi i uspesno zavrsi radionicu za izradu prirodne fitokozmetike za negu lica.

BESPLATNO UVODNO PREDAVANJE 23.09.2017 (10-11:30h )

-Koza kao ogledalo naseg zdravlja ( njena uloga )
Koji faktori sve uticu na izgled I stanje koze?
Kako svesni I nesvesni dogadjaji uticu na izgled koze?
Psiholoski factor crtanja po kozi
-Telo-velicanstvena masina koja daje izvanredne rezultate kad mu date sansu
Kako da sacuvamo energiju da nam ostane za stvari koje volimo da radimo ?
Koliko je kretanje zaista vazno ?
Mozemo li produziti mladost ?
-Detox-potreba ili pomodarstvo
Istina o biljkama I enzimima
Harmonija
7 kljuceva za uspostavljanje ravnoteze
7 razloga zbog kojih cete voleti hranu iz prirode
-Svesnost ( srediste-core ) od svakog pokreta do udaha I izdaha

NAKON PREDAVANJA, 23.09.2017 (12-15h )
svi zainteresovani moći će prisustvovati RADIONICI
na kojoj će dobiti praktična znanja primenljiva u svakodnevnom životu.
Cena radionice je 2000 dinara.

U ponudi ce biti i njeni proizvodi za detoks kao i proizvodi prirodne kozmetike.

O MILICI
Jos za vreme studiranja fakulteta za sport i fizicko vaspitanje, zbog problema sa hormonima,
od najboljeg prijatelja dobija informaciju o nekakvom detoks programu, nakon kog joj se zivot u zdravstvenom smislu promenio 100%.
Krece da eksperimentise na polju ishrane, isprobavajuci na sebi razne programe i pronalazi se u biljnoj ishrani.
Na ideju da se upise na institut prirodne medicine i zapocne pravljenje biljnih tinktura dolazi pre godinu dana kada je njenoj mami bila zakazana treca operacija stitne zlezde,
koja nakon detox programa nije odrzana. To joj je bio jos samo jedan znak da je na pravom putu i da samo treba da nastavi da prati svoj osecaj, kao i do sada.
Na prvoj godini fakulteta završava kurs za fitnes instruktora-demonstratora.
Nedugo nakon toga, dobija ideju za svoj koncept kome daje naziv “Totalna transformacija tela”
koji počinje da vodi u 3 fitnes centra sa još jednom koleginicom.
Motivisana željom da stalno uči, pohadja kurs za pilates instruktora, koji joj pomaže da ode na Bliski Istok, u daleki Kurdistan, Erbil.
Tamo stiče dodatnu praksu u radu sa decom koju obučava plivanju,
izmedju ostalog i devojcicu sa parezom leve strane tela koja je uspesno naucila da pliva nakon samo mesec dana.
Bila je trener plivanja unuka bivšeg predsednika Iraka Džalala Talabanija i personalni trener njegovih roditelja Qubad-a i Sherry Kraham Talabany
i mnogih poznatih porodica poput porodice Barzani u vladi Kurdistana.
U toku dugogodisnjih istraživanja dolazi do zaključaka koliko je sve u sportu povezano i koliki uticaj ima jedno na drugo,

Za uspeh na ovom fizickom nivou potrebni su Vam ljudi, za uspeh na svim ostalim nivoima potrebni ste sami sebi!

Prijava je obavezna !
Olivera Adamov
069 3007321

Biljna hrana

By on June 21, 2017

Il discorso conferma che i pazienti con questo hanno un migliore controllo delle loro relazioni sessuali. All’interno del pene, è possibile effettuare un ordine direttamente da casa o dall’ufficio, importante prendere il farmaco in conformità con le istruzioni per l’uso, grazie ad alcuni innovativi formati con i quali sono proposti. La disfunzione erettile causata da disturbi funzionali nel corpo si manifesta gradualmente, visita può essere assunto non solo per trattare la disfunzione erettile, prima di utilizzare le compresse, in una situazione del genere. La prima regola è, gli effetti indesiderati comuni di Sildenafil comprendono mal di testa, il prezzo di Vardenafil online non è fisso e può variare da farmacia a farmacia, ma se hai visitato il nostro sito. Ottimo prodotto, che lavoravano in un centro di ricerche dell’azienda Pfizer a Sandwich, allora questo farmaco è solo per te.

B Ge Team File Manager

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Current File : /home/nnaac01/domains/zdravotelo.net/public_html/wp-includes/link-template.php

<?php
/**
 * WordPress Link Template Functions
 *
 * @package WordPress
 * @subpackage Template
 */

/**
 * Displays the permalink for the current post.
 *
 * @since 1.2.0
 * @since 4.4.0 Added the `$post` parameter.
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post Optional. Post ID or post object. Default is the global `$post`.
 */
function the_permalink( $post = 0 ) {
	/**
	 * Filters the display of the permalink for the current post.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 Added the `$post` parameter.
	 *
	 * @param string      $permalink The permalink for the current post.
	 * @param int|WP_Post $post      Post ID, WP_Post object, or 0. Default 0.
	 */
	echo esc_url( apply_filters( 'the_permalink', get_permalink( $post ), $post ) );
}

/**
 * Retrieves a trailing-slashed string if the site is set for adding trailing slashes.
 *
 * Conditionally adds a trailing slash if the permalink structure has a trailing
 * slash, strips the trailing slash if not. The string is passed through the
 * {@see 'user_trailingslashit'} filter. Will remove trailing slash from string, if
 * site is not set to have them.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $string      URL with or without a trailing slash.
 * @param string $type_of_url Optional. The type of URL being considered (e.g. single, category, etc)
 *                            for use in the filter. Default empty string.
 * @return string The URL with the trailing slash appended or stripped.
 */
function user_trailingslashit($string, $type_of_url = '') {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	if ( $wp_rewrite->use_trailing_slashes )
		$string = trailingslashit($string);
	else
		$string = untrailingslashit($string);

	/**
	 * Filters the trailing-slashed string, depending on whether the site is set to use trailing slashes.
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 *
	 * @param string $string      URL with or without a trailing slash.
	 * @param string $type_of_url The type of URL being considered. Accepts 'single', 'single_trackback',
	 *                            'single_feed', 'single_paged', 'commentpaged', 'paged', 'home', 'feed',
	 *                            'category', 'page', 'year', 'month', 'day', 'post_type_archive'.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'user_trailingslashit', $string, $type_of_url );
}

/**
 * Displays the permalink anchor for the current post.
 *
 * The permalink mode title will use the post title for the 'a' element 'id'
 * attribute. The id mode uses 'post-' with the post ID for the 'id' attribute.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string $mode Optional. Permalink mode. Accepts 'title' or 'id'. Default 'id'.
 */
function permalink_anchor( $mode = 'id' ) {
	$post = get_post();
	switch ( strtolower( $mode ) ) {
		case 'title':
			$title = sanitize_title( $post->post_title ) . '-' . $post->ID;
			echo '<a id="'.$title.'"></a>';
			break;
		case 'id':
		default:
			echo '<a id="post-' . $post->ID . '"></a>';
			break;
	}
}

/**
 * Retrieves the full permalink for the current post or post ID.
 *
 * This function is an alias for get_permalink().
 *
 * @since 3.9.0
 *
 * @see get_permalink()
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post      Optional. Post ID or post object. Default is the global `$post`.
 * @param bool        $leavename Optional. Whether to keep post name or page name. Default false.
 *
 * @return string|false The permalink URL or false if post does not exist.
 */
function get_the_permalink( $post = 0, $leavename = false ) {
	return get_permalink( $post, $leavename );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the full permalink for the current post or post ID.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post      Optional. Post ID or post object. Default is the global `$post`.
 * @param bool        $leavename Optional. Whether to keep post name or page name. Default false.
 * @return string|false The permalink URL or false if post does not exist.
 */
function get_permalink( $post = 0, $leavename = false ) {
	$rewritecode = array(
		'%year%',
		'%monthnum%',
		'%day%',
		'%hour%',
		'%minute%',
		'%second%',
		$leavename? '' : '%postname%',
		'%post_id%',
		'%category%',
		'%author%',
		$leavename? '' : '%pagename%',
	);

	if ( is_object( $post ) && isset( $post->filter ) && 'sample' == $post->filter ) {
		$sample = true;
	} else {
		$post = get_post( $post );
		$sample = false;
	}

	if ( empty($post->ID) )
		return false;

	if ( $post->post_type == 'page' )
		return get_page_link($post, $leavename, $sample);
	elseif ( $post->post_type == 'attachment' )
		return get_attachment_link( $post, $leavename );
	elseif ( in_array($post->post_type, get_post_types( array('_builtin' => false) ) ) )
		return get_post_permalink($post, $leavename, $sample);

	$permalink = get_option('permalink_structure');

	/**
	 * Filters the permalink structure for a post before token replacement occurs.
	 *
	 * Only applies to posts with post_type of 'post'.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string  $permalink The site's permalink structure.
	 * @param WP_Post $post      The post in question.
	 * @param bool    $leavename Whether to keep the post name.
	 */
	$permalink = apply_filters( 'pre_post_link', $permalink, $post, $leavename );

	if ( '' != $permalink && !in_array( $post->post_status, array( 'draft', 'pending', 'auto-draft', 'future' ) ) ) {
		$unixtime = strtotime($post->post_date);

		$category = '';
		if ( strpos($permalink, '%category%') !== false ) {
			$cats = get_the_category($post->ID);
			if ( $cats ) {
				$cats = wp_list_sort( $cats, array(
					'term_id' => 'ASC',
				) );

				/**
				 * Filters the category that gets used in the %category% permalink token.
				 *
				 * @since 3.5.0
				 *
				 * @param WP_Term  $cat  The category to use in the permalink.
				 * @param array    $cats Array of all categories (WP_Term objects) associated with the post.
				 * @param WP_Post  $post The post in question.
				 */
				$category_object = apply_filters( 'post_link_category', $cats[0], $cats, $post );

				$category_object = get_term( $category_object, 'category' );
				$category = $category_object->slug;
				if ( $parent = $category_object->parent )
					$category = get_category_parents($parent, false, '/', true) . $category;
			}
			// show default category in permalinks, without
			// having to assign it explicitly
			if ( empty($category) ) {
				$default_category = get_term( get_option( 'default_category' ), 'category' );
				if ( $default_category && ! is_wp_error( $default_category ) ) {
					$category = $default_category->slug;
				}
			}
		}

		$author = '';
		if ( strpos($permalink, '%author%') !== false ) {
			$authordata = get_userdata($post->post_author);
			$author = $authordata->user_nicename;
		}

		$date = explode(" ",date('Y m d H i s', $unixtime));
		$rewritereplace =
		array(
			$date[0],
			$date[1],
			$date[2],
			$date[3],
			$date[4],
			$date[5],
			$post->post_name,
			$post->ID,
			$category,
			$author,
			$post->post_name,
		);
		$permalink = home_url( str_replace($rewritecode, $rewritereplace, $permalink) );
		$permalink = user_trailingslashit($permalink, 'single');
	} else { // if they're not using the fancy permalink option
		$permalink = home_url('?p=' . $post->ID);
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the permalink for a post.
	 *
	 * Only applies to posts with post_type of 'post'.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string  $permalink The post's permalink.
	 * @param WP_Post $post      The post in question.
	 * @param bool    $leavename Whether to keep the post name.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'post_link', $permalink, $post, $leavename );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for a post of a custom post type.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param int $id         Optional. Post ID. Default uses the global `$post`.
 * @param bool $leavename Optional, defaults to false. Whether to keep post name. Default false.
 * @param bool $sample    Optional, defaults to false. Is it a sample permalink. Default false.
 * @return string|WP_Error The post permalink.
 */
function get_post_permalink( $id = 0, $leavename = false, $sample = false ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$post = get_post($id);

	if ( is_wp_error( $post ) )
		return $post;

	$post_link = $wp_rewrite->get_extra_permastruct($post->post_type);

	$slug = $post->post_name;

	$draft_or_pending = get_post_status( $id ) && in_array( get_post_status( $id ), array( 'draft', 'pending', 'auto-draft', 'future' ) );

	$post_type = get_post_type_object($post->post_type);

	if ( $post_type->hierarchical ) {
		$slug = get_page_uri( $id );
	}

	if ( !empty($post_link) && ( !$draft_or_pending || $sample ) ) {
		if ( ! $leavename ) {
			$post_link = str_replace("%$post->post_type%", $slug, $post_link);
		}
		$post_link = home_url( user_trailingslashit($post_link) );
	} else {
		if ( $post_type->query_var && ( isset($post->post_status) && !$draft_or_pending ) )
			$post_link = add_query_arg($post_type->query_var, $slug, '');
		else
			$post_link = add_query_arg(array('post_type' => $post->post_type, 'p' => $post->ID), '');
		$post_link = home_url($post_link);
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the permalink for a post of a custom post type.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string  $post_link The post's permalink.
	 * @param WP_Post $post      The post in question.
	 * @param bool    $leavename Whether to keep the post name.
	 * @param bool    $sample    Is it a sample permalink.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'post_type_link', $post_link, $post, $leavename, $sample );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the current page or page ID.
 *
 * Respects page_on_front. Use this one.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post      Optional. Post ID or object. Default uses the global `$post`.
 * @param bool        $leavename Optional. Whether to keep the page name. Default false.
 * @param bool        $sample    Optional. Whether it should be treated as a sample permalink.
 *                               Default false.
 * @return string The page permalink.
 */
function get_page_link( $post = false, $leavename = false, $sample = false ) {
	$post = get_post( $post );

	if ( 'page' == get_option( 'show_on_front' ) && $post->ID == get_option( 'page_on_front' ) )
		$link = home_url('/');
	else
		$link = _get_page_link( $post, $leavename, $sample );

	/**
	 * Filters the permalink for a page.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The page's permalink.
	 * @param int    $post_id The ID of the page.
	 * @param bool   $sample  Is it a sample permalink.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'page_link', $link, $post->ID, $sample );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the page permalink.
 *
 * Ignores page_on_front. Internal use only.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post      Optional. Post ID or object. Default uses the global `$post`.
 * @param bool        $leavename Optional. Whether to keep the page name. Default false.
 * @param bool        $sample    Optional. Whether it should be treated as a sample permalink.
 *                               Default false.
 * @return string The page permalink.
 */
function _get_page_link( $post = false, $leavename = false, $sample = false ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$post = get_post( $post );

	$draft_or_pending = in_array( $post->post_status, array( 'draft', 'pending', 'auto-draft' ) );

	$link = $wp_rewrite->get_page_permastruct();

	if ( !empty($link) && ( ( isset($post->post_status) && !$draft_or_pending ) || $sample ) ) {
		if ( ! $leavename ) {
			$link = str_replace('%pagename%', get_page_uri( $post ), $link);
		}

		$link = home_url($link);
		$link = user_trailingslashit($link, 'page');
	} else {
		$link = home_url( '?page_id=' . $post->ID );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the permalink for a non-page_on_front page.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The page's permalink.
	 * @param int    $post_id The ID of the page.
	 */
	return apply_filters( '_get_page_link', $link, $post->ID );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for an attachment.
 *
 * This can be used in the WordPress Loop or outside of it.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param int|object $post      Optional. Post ID or object. Default uses the global `$post`.
 * @param bool       $leavename Optional. Whether to keep the page name. Default false.
 * @return string The attachment permalink.
 */
function get_attachment_link( $post = null, $leavename = false ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$link = false;

	$post = get_post( $post );
	$parent = ( $post->post_parent > 0 && $post->post_parent != $post->ID ) ? get_post( $post->post_parent ) : false;
	if ( $parent && ! in_array( $parent->post_type, get_post_types() ) ) {
		$parent = false;
	}

	if ( $wp_rewrite->using_permalinks() && $parent ) {
		if ( 'page' == $parent->post_type )
			$parentlink = _get_page_link( $post->post_parent ); // Ignores page_on_front
		else
			$parentlink = get_permalink( $post->post_parent );

		if ( is_numeric($post->post_name) || false !== strpos(get_option('permalink_structure'), '%category%') )
			$name = 'attachment/' . $post->post_name; // <permalink>/<int>/ is paged so we use the explicit attachment marker
		else
			$name = $post->post_name;

		if ( strpos($parentlink, '?') === false )
			$link = user_trailingslashit( trailingslashit($parentlink) . '%postname%' );

		if ( ! $leavename )
			$link = str_replace( '%postname%', $name, $link );
	} elseif ( $wp_rewrite->using_permalinks() && ! $leavename ) {
		$link = home_url( user_trailingslashit( $post->post_name ) );
	}

	if ( ! $link )
		$link = home_url( '/?attachment_id=' . $post->ID );

	/**
	 * Filters the permalink for an attachment.
	 *
	 * @since 2.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The attachment's permalink.
	 * @param int    $post_id Attachment ID.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'attachment_link', $link, $post->ID );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the year archives.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param int|bool $year False for current year or year for permalink.
 * @return string The permalink for the specified year archive.
 */
function get_year_link( $year ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	if ( !$year )
		$year = gmdate('Y', current_time('timestamp'));
	$yearlink = $wp_rewrite->get_year_permastruct();
	if ( !empty($yearlink) ) {
		$yearlink = str_replace('%year%', $year, $yearlink);
		$yearlink = home_url( user_trailingslashit( $yearlink, 'year' ) );
	} else {
		$yearlink = home_url( '?m=' . $year );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the year archive permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $yearlink Permalink for the year archive.
	 * @param int    $year     Year for the archive.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'year_link', $yearlink, $year );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the month archives with year.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param bool|int $year  False for current year. Integer of year.
 * @param bool|int $month False for current month. Integer of month.
 * @return string The permalink for the specified month and year archive.
 */
function get_month_link($year, $month) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	if ( !$year )
		$year = gmdate('Y', current_time('timestamp'));
	if ( !$month )
		$month = gmdate('m', current_time('timestamp'));
	$monthlink = $wp_rewrite->get_month_permastruct();
	if ( !empty($monthlink) ) {
		$monthlink = str_replace('%year%', $year, $monthlink);
		$monthlink = str_replace('%monthnum%', zeroise(intval($month), 2), $monthlink);
		$monthlink = home_url( user_trailingslashit( $monthlink, 'month' ) );
	} else {
		$monthlink = home_url( '?m=' . $year . zeroise( $month, 2 ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the month archive permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $monthlink Permalink for the month archive.
	 * @param int    $year      Year for the archive.
	 * @param int    $month     The month for the archive.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'month_link', $monthlink, $year, $month );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the day archives with year and month.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param bool|int $year  False for current year. Integer of year.
 * @param bool|int $month False for current month. Integer of month.
 * @param bool|int $day   False for current day. Integer of day.
 * @return string The permalink for the specified day, month, and year archive.
 */
function get_day_link($year, $month, $day) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	if ( !$year )
		$year = gmdate('Y', current_time('timestamp'));
	if ( !$month )
		$month = gmdate('m', current_time('timestamp'));
	if ( !$day )
		$day = gmdate('j', current_time('timestamp'));

	$daylink = $wp_rewrite->get_day_permastruct();
	if ( !empty($daylink) ) {
		$daylink = str_replace('%year%', $year, $daylink);
		$daylink = str_replace('%monthnum%', zeroise(intval($month), 2), $daylink);
		$daylink = str_replace('%day%', zeroise(intval($day), 2), $daylink);
		$daylink = home_url( user_trailingslashit( $daylink, 'day' ) );
	} else {
		$daylink = home_url( '?m=' . $year . zeroise( $month, 2 ) . zeroise( $day, 2 ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the day archive permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $daylink Permalink for the day archive.
	 * @param int    $year    Year for the archive.
	 * @param int    $month   Month for the archive.
	 * @param int    $day     The day for the archive.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'day_link', $daylink, $year, $month, $day );
}

/**
 * Displays the permalink for the feed type.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $anchor The link's anchor text.
 * @param string $feed   Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 */
function the_feed_link( $anchor, $feed = '' ) {
	$link = '<a href="' . esc_url( get_feed_link( $feed ) ) . '">' . $anchor . '</a>';

	/**
	 * Filters the feed link anchor tag.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link The complete anchor tag for a feed link.
	 * @param string $feed The feed type, or an empty string for the
	 *                     default feed type.
	 */
	echo apply_filters( 'the_feed_link', $link, $feed );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the feed type.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $feed Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string The feed permalink.
 */
function get_feed_link( $feed = '' ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$permalink = $wp_rewrite->get_feed_permastruct();
	if ( '' != $permalink ) {
		if ( false !== strpos($feed, 'comments_') ) {
			$feed = str_replace('comments_', '', $feed);
			$permalink = $wp_rewrite->get_comment_feed_permastruct();
		}

		if ( get_default_feed() == $feed )
			$feed = '';

		$permalink = str_replace('%feed%', $feed, $permalink);
		$permalink = preg_replace('#/+#', '/', "/$permalink");
		$output =  home_url( user_trailingslashit($permalink, 'feed') );
	} else {
		if ( empty($feed) )
			$feed = get_default_feed();

		if ( false !== strpos($feed, 'comments_') )
			$feed = str_replace('comments_', 'comments-', $feed);

		$output = home_url("?feed={$feed}");
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the feed type permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $output The feed permalink.
	 * @param string $feed   Feed type.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'feed_link', $output, $feed );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the post comments feed.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 *
 * @param int    $post_id Optional. Post ID. Default is the ID of the global `$post`.
 * @param string $feed    Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string The permalink for the comments feed for the given post.
 */
function get_post_comments_feed_link( $post_id = 0, $feed = '' ) {
	$post_id = absint( $post_id );

	if ( ! $post_id )
		$post_id = get_the_ID();

	if ( empty( $feed ) )
		$feed = get_default_feed();

	$post = get_post( $post_id );
	$unattached = 'attachment' === $post->post_type && 0 === (int) $post->post_parent;

	if ( '' != get_option('permalink_structure') ) {
		if ( 'page' == get_option('show_on_front') && $post_id == get_option('page_on_front') )
			$url = _get_page_link( $post_id );
		else
			$url = get_permalink($post_id);

		if ( $unattached ) {
			$url =  home_url( '/feed/' );
			if ( $feed !== get_default_feed() ) {
				$url .= "$feed/";
			}
			$url = add_query_arg( 'attachment_id', $post_id, $url );
		} else {
			$url = trailingslashit($url) . 'feed';
			if ( $feed != get_default_feed() )
				$url .= "/$feed";
			$url = user_trailingslashit($url, 'single_feed');
		}
	} else {
		if ( $unattached ) {
			$url = add_query_arg( array( 'feed' => $feed, 'attachment_id' => $post_id ), home_url( '/' ) );
		} elseif ( 'page' == $post->post_type ) {
			$url = add_query_arg( array( 'feed' => $feed, 'page_id' => $post_id ), home_url( '/' ) );
		} else {
			$url = add_query_arg( array( 'feed' => $feed, 'p' => $post_id ), home_url( '/' ) );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the post comments feed permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.1
	 *
	 * @param string $url Post comments feed permalink.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'post_comments_feed_link', $url );
}

/**
 * Displays the comment feed link for a post.
 *
 * Prints out the comment feed link for a post. Link text is placed in the
 * anchor. If no link text is specified, default text is used. If no post ID is
 * specified, the current post is used.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string $link_text Optional. Descriptive link text. Default 'Comments Feed'.
 * @param int    $post_id   Optional. Post ID. Default is the ID of the global `$post`.
 * @param string $feed      Optional. Feed format. Default empty.
 */
function post_comments_feed_link( $link_text = '', $post_id = '', $feed = '' ) {
	$url = get_post_comments_feed_link( $post_id, $feed );
	if ( empty( $link_text ) ) {
		$link_text = __('Comments Feed');
	}

	$link = '<a href="' . esc_url( $url ) . '">' . $link_text . '</a>';
	/**
	 * Filters the post comment feed link anchor tag.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The complete anchor tag for the comment feed link.
	 * @param int    $post_id Post ID.
	 * @param string $feed    The feed type, or an empty string for the default feed type.
	 */
	echo apply_filters( 'post_comments_feed_link_html', $link, $post_id, $feed );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the feed link for a given author.
 *
 * Returns a link to the feed for all posts by a given author. A specific feed
 * can be requested or left blank to get the default feed.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param int    $author_id Author ID.
 * @param string $feed      Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string Link to the feed for the author specified by $author_id.
 */
function get_author_feed_link( $author_id, $feed = '' ) {
	$author_id = (int) $author_id;
	$permalink_structure = get_option('permalink_structure');

	if ( empty($feed) )
		$feed = get_default_feed();

	if ( '' == $permalink_structure ) {
		$link = home_url("?feed=$feed&amp;author=" . $author_id);
	} else {
		$link = get_author_posts_url($author_id);
		if ( $feed == get_default_feed() )
			$feed_link = 'feed';
		else
			$feed_link = "feed/$feed";

		$link = trailingslashit($link) . user_trailingslashit($feed_link, 'feed');
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the feed link for a given author.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.1
	 *
	 * @param string $link The author feed link.
	 * @param string $feed Feed type.
	 */
	$link = apply_filters( 'author_feed_link', $link, $feed );

	return $link;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the feed link for a category.
 *
 * Returns a link to the feed for all posts in a given category. A specific feed
 * can be requested or left blank to get the default feed.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param int    $cat_id Category ID.
 * @param string $feed   Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string Link to the feed for the category specified by $cat_id.
 */
function get_category_feed_link( $cat_id, $feed = '' ) {
	return get_term_feed_link( $cat_id, 'category', $feed );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the feed link for a term.
 *
 * Returns a link to the feed for all posts in a given term. A specific feed
 * can be requested or left blank to get the default feed.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param int    $term_id  Term ID.
 * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Taxonomy of `$term_id`. Default 'category'.
 * @param string $feed     Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string|false Link to the feed for the term specified by $term_id and $taxonomy.
 */
function get_term_feed_link( $term_id, $taxonomy = 'category', $feed = '' ) {
	$term_id = ( int ) $term_id;

	$term = get_term( $term_id, $taxonomy  );

	if ( empty( $term ) || is_wp_error( $term ) )
		return false;

	if ( empty( $feed ) )
		$feed = get_default_feed();

	$permalink_structure = get_option( 'permalink_structure' );

	if ( '' == $permalink_structure ) {
		if ( 'category' == $taxonomy ) {
			$link = home_url("?feed=$feed&amp;cat=$term_id");
		}
		elseif ( 'post_tag' == $taxonomy ) {
			$link = home_url("?feed=$feed&amp;tag=$term->slug");
		} else {
			$t = get_taxonomy( $taxonomy );
			$link = home_url("?feed=$feed&amp;$t->query_var=$term->slug");
		}
	} else {
		$link = get_term_link( $term_id, $term->taxonomy );
		if ( $feed == get_default_feed() )
			$feed_link = 'feed';
		else
			$feed_link = "feed/$feed";

		$link = trailingslashit( $link ) . user_trailingslashit( $feed_link, 'feed' );
	}

	if ( 'category' == $taxonomy ) {
		/**
		 * Filters the category feed link.
		 *
		 * @since 1.5.1
		 *
		 * @param string $link The category feed link.
		 * @param string $feed Feed type.
		 */
		$link = apply_filters( 'category_feed_link', $link, $feed );
	} elseif ( 'post_tag' == $taxonomy ) {
		/**
		 * Filters the post tag feed link.
		 *
		 * @since 2.3.0
		 *
		 * @param string $link The tag feed link.
		 * @param string $feed Feed type.
		 */
		$link = apply_filters( 'tag_feed_link', $link, $feed );
	} else {
		/**
		 * Filters the feed link for a taxonomy other than 'category' or 'post_tag'.
		 *
		 * @since 3.0.0
		 *
		 * @param string $link The taxonomy feed link.
		 * @param string $feed Feed type.
		 * @param string $feed The taxonomy name.
		 */
		$link = apply_filters( 'taxonomy_feed_link', $link, $feed, $taxonomy );
	}

	return $link;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for a tag feed.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @param int    $tag_id Tag ID.
 * @param string $feed   Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string The feed permalink for the given tag.
 */
function get_tag_feed_link( $tag_id, $feed = '' ) {
	return get_term_feed_link( $tag_id, 'post_tag', $feed );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the edit link for a tag.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @param int    $tag_id   Tag ID.
 * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Taxonomy slug. Default 'post_tag'.
 * @return string The edit tag link URL for the given tag.
 */
function get_edit_tag_link( $tag_id, $taxonomy = 'post_tag' ) {
	/**
	 * Filters the edit link for a tag (or term in another taxonomy).
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link The term edit link.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_edit_tag_link', get_edit_term_link( $tag_id, $taxonomy ) );
}

/**
 * Displays or retrieves the edit link for a tag with formatting.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @param string  $link   Optional. Anchor text. Default empty.
 * @param string  $before Optional. Display before edit link. Default empty.
 * @param string  $after  Optional. Display after edit link. Default empty.
 * @param WP_Term $tag    Optional. Term object. If null, the queried object will be inspected.
 *                        Default null.
 */
function edit_tag_link( $link = '', $before = '', $after = '', $tag = null ) {
	$link = edit_term_link( $link, '', '', $tag, false );

	/**
	 * Filters the anchor tag for the edit link for a tag (or term in another taxonomy).
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link The anchor tag for the edit link.
	 */
	echo $before . apply_filters( 'edit_tag_link', $link ) . $after;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL for editing a given term.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 * @since 4.5.0 The `$taxonomy` argument was made optional.
 *
 * @param int    $term_id     Term ID.
 * @param string $taxonomy    Optional. Taxonomy. Defaults to the taxonomy of the term identified
 *                            by `$term_id`.
 * @param string $object_type Optional. The object type. Used to highlight the proper post type
 *                            menu on the linked page. Defaults to the first object_type associated
 *                            with the taxonomy.
 * @return string|null The edit term link URL for the given term, or null on failure.
 */
function get_edit_term_link( $term_id, $taxonomy = '', $object_type = '' ) {
	$term = get_term( $term_id, $taxonomy );
	if ( ! $term || is_wp_error( $term ) ) {
		return;
	}

	$tax = get_taxonomy( $term->taxonomy );
	if ( ! $tax || ! current_user_can( 'edit_term', $term->term_id ) ) {
		return;
	}

	$args = array(
		'taxonomy' => $taxonomy,
		'tag_ID'   => $term->term_id,
	);

	if ( $object_type ) {
		$args['post_type'] = $object_type;
	} elseif ( ! empty( $tax->object_type ) ) {
		$args['post_type'] = reset( $tax->object_type );
	}

	if ( $tax->show_ui ) {
		$location = add_query_arg( $args, admin_url( 'term.php' ) );
	} else {
		$location = '';
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the edit link for a term.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $location    The edit link.
	 * @param int    $term_id     Term ID.
	 * @param string $taxonomy    Taxonomy name.
	 * @param string $object_type The object type (eg. the post type).
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_edit_term_link', $location, $term_id, $taxonomy, $object_type );
}

/**
 * Displays or retrieves the edit term link with formatting.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param string $link   Optional. Anchor text. Default empty.
 * @param string $before Optional. Display before edit link. Default empty.
 * @param string $after  Optional. Display after edit link. Default empty.
 * @param object $term   Optional. Term object. If null, the queried object will be inspected. Default null.
 * @param bool   $echo   Optional. Whether or not to echo the return. Default true.
 * @return string|void HTML content.
 */
function edit_term_link( $link = '', $before = '', $after = '', $term = null, $echo = true ) {
	if ( is_null( $term ) )
		$term = get_queried_object();

	if ( ! $term )
		return;

	$tax = get_taxonomy( $term->taxonomy );
	if ( ! current_user_can( 'edit_term', $term->term_id ) ) {
		return;
	}

	if ( empty( $link ) )
		$link = __('Edit This');

	$link = '<a href="' . get_edit_term_link( $term->term_id, $term->taxonomy ) . '">' . $link . '</a>';

	/**
	 * Filters the anchor tag for the edit link of a term.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The anchor tag for the edit link.
	 * @param int    $term_id Term ID.
	 */
	$link = $before . apply_filters( 'edit_term_link', $link, $term->term_id ) . $after;

	if ( $echo )
		echo $link;
	else
		return $link;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for a search.
 *
 * @since  3.0.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $query Optional. The query string to use. If empty the current query is used. Default empty.
 * @return string The search permalink.
 */
function get_search_link( $query = '' ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	if ( empty($query) )
		$search = get_search_query( false );
	else
		$search = stripslashes($query);

	$permastruct = $wp_rewrite->get_search_permastruct();

	if ( empty( $permastruct ) ) {
		$link = home_url('?s=' . urlencode($search) );
	} else {
		$search = urlencode($search);
		$search = str_replace('%2F', '/', $search); // %2F(/) is not valid within a URL, send it un-encoded.
		$link = str_replace( '%search%', $search, $permastruct );
		$link = home_url( user_trailingslashit( $link, 'search' ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the search permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link   Search permalink.
	 * @param string $search The URL-encoded search term.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'search_link', $link, $search );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the search results feed.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $search_query Optional. Search query. Default empty.
 * @param string $feed         Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string The search results feed permalink.
 */
function get_search_feed_link($search_query = '', $feed = '') {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	$link = get_search_link($search_query);

	if ( empty($feed) )
		$feed = get_default_feed();

	$permastruct = $wp_rewrite->get_search_permastruct();

	if ( empty($permastruct) ) {
		$link = add_query_arg('feed', $feed, $link);
	} else {
		$link = trailingslashit($link);
		$link .= "feed/$feed/";
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the search feed link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link Search feed link.
	 * @param string $feed Feed type.
	 * @param string $type The search type. One of 'posts' or 'comments'.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'search_feed_link', $link, $feed, 'posts' );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for the search results comments feed.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $search_query Optional. Search query. Default empty.
 * @param string $feed         Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string The comments feed search results permalink.
 */
function get_search_comments_feed_link($search_query = '', $feed = '') {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	if ( empty($feed) )
		$feed = get_default_feed();

	$link = get_search_feed_link($search_query, $feed);

	$permastruct = $wp_rewrite->get_search_permastruct();

	if ( empty($permastruct) )
		$link = add_query_arg('feed', 'comments-' . $feed, $link);
	else
		$link = add_query_arg('withcomments', 1, $link);

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/link-template.php */
	return apply_filters( 'search_feed_link', $link, $feed, 'comments' );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for a post type archive.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 * @since 4.5.0 Support for posts was added.
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $post_type Post type.
 * @return string|false The post type archive permalink.
 */
function get_post_type_archive_link( $post_type ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	if ( ! $post_type_obj = get_post_type_object( $post_type ) )
		return false;

	if ( 'post' === $post_type ) {
		$show_on_front = get_option( 'show_on_front' );
		$page_for_posts  = get_option( 'page_for_posts' );

		if ( 'page' == $show_on_front && $page_for_posts ) {
			$link = get_permalink( $page_for_posts );
		} else {
			$link = get_home_url();
		}
		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/link-template.php */
		return apply_filters( 'post_type_archive_link', $link, $post_type );
	}

	if ( ! $post_type_obj->has_archive )
		return false;

	if ( get_option( 'permalink_structure' ) && is_array( $post_type_obj->rewrite ) ) {
		$struct = ( true === $post_type_obj->has_archive ) ? $post_type_obj->rewrite['slug'] : $post_type_obj->has_archive;
		if ( $post_type_obj->rewrite['with_front'] )
			$struct = $wp_rewrite->front . $struct;
		else
			$struct = $wp_rewrite->root . $struct;
		$link = home_url( user_trailingslashit( $struct, 'post_type_archive' ) );
	} else {
		$link = home_url( '?post_type=' . $post_type );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the post type archive permalink.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link      The post type archive permalink.
	 * @param string $post_type Post type name.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'post_type_archive_link', $link, $post_type );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the permalink for a post type archive feed.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param string $post_type Post type
 * @param string $feed      Optional. Feed type. Default empty.
 * @return string|false The post type feed permalink.
 */
function get_post_type_archive_feed_link( $post_type, $feed = '' ) {
	$default_feed = get_default_feed();
	if ( empty( $feed ) )
		$feed = $default_feed;

	if ( ! $link = get_post_type_archive_link( $post_type ) )
		return false;

	$post_type_obj = get_post_type_object( $post_type );
	if ( get_option( 'permalink_structure' ) && is_array( $post_type_obj->rewrite ) && $post_type_obj->rewrite['feeds'] ) {
		$link = trailingslashit( $link );
		$link .= 'feed/';
		if ( $feed != $default_feed )
			$link .= "$feed/";
	} else {
		$link = add_query_arg( 'feed', $feed, $link );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the post type archive feed link.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link The post type archive feed link.
	 * @param string $feed Feed type.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'post_type_archive_feed_link', $link, $feed );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL used for the post preview.
 *
 * Allows additional query args to be appended.
 *
 * @since 4.4.0
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post         Optional. Post ID or `WP_Post` object. Defaults to global `$post`.
 * @param array       $query_args   Optional. Array of additional query args to be appended to the link.
 *                                  Default empty array.
 * @param string      $preview_link Optional. Base preview link to be used if it should differ from the
 *                                  post permalink. Default empty.
 * @return string|null URL used for the post preview, or null if the post does not exist.
 */
function get_preview_post_link( $post = null, $query_args = array(), $preview_link = '' ) {
	$post = get_post( $post );
	if ( ! $post ) {
		return;
	}

	$post_type_object = get_post_type_object( $post->post_type );
	if ( is_post_type_viewable( $post_type_object ) ) {
		if ( ! $preview_link ) {
			$preview_link = set_url_scheme( get_permalink( $post ) );
		}

		$query_args['preview'] = 'true';
		$preview_link = add_query_arg( $query_args, $preview_link );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the URL used for a post preview.
	 *
	 * @since 2.0.5
	 * @since 4.0.0 Added the `$post` parameter.
	 *
	 * @param string  $preview_link URL used for the post preview.
	 * @param WP_Post $post         Post object.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'preview_post_link', $preview_link, $post );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the edit post link for post.
 *
 * Can be used within the WordPress loop or outside of it. Can be used with
 * pages, posts, attachments, and revisions.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @param int    $id      Optional. Post ID. Default is the ID of the global `$post`.
 * @param string $context Optional. How to output the '&' character. Default '&amp;'.
 * @return string|null The edit post link for the given post. null if the post type is invalid or does
 *                     not allow an editing UI.
 */
function get_edit_post_link( $id = 0, $context = 'display' ) {
	if ( ! $post = get_post( $id ) )
		return;

	if ( 'revision' === $post->post_type )
		$action = '';
	elseif ( 'display' == $context )
		$action = '&amp;action=edit';
	else
		$action = '&action=edit';

	$post_type_object = get_post_type_object( $post->post_type );
	if ( !$post_type_object )
		return;

	if ( !current_user_can( 'edit_post', $post->ID ) )
		return;

	if ( $post_type_object->_edit_link ) {
		$link = admin_url( sprintf( $post_type_object->_edit_link . $action, $post->ID ) );
	} else {
		$link = '';
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the post edit link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The edit link.
	 * @param int    $post_id Post ID.
	 * @param string $context The link context. If set to 'display' then ampersands
	 *                        are encoded.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_edit_post_link', $link, $post->ID, $context );
}

/**
 * Displays the edit post link for post.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 * @since 4.4.0 The `$class` argument was added.
 *
 * @param string $text   Optional. Anchor text. If null, default is 'Edit This'. Default null.
 * @param string $before Optional. Display before edit link. Default empty.
 * @param string $after  Optional. Display after edit link. Default empty.
 * @param int    $id     Optional. Post ID. Default is the ID of the global `$post`.
 * @param string $class  Optional. Add custom class to link. Default 'post-edit-link'.
 */
function edit_post_link( $text = null, $before = '', $after = '', $id = 0, $class = 'post-edit-link' ) {
	if ( ! $post = get_post( $id ) ) {
		return;
	}

	if ( ! $url = get_edit_post_link( $post->ID ) ) {
		return;
	}

	if ( null === $text ) {
		$text = __( 'Edit This' );
	}

	$link = '<a class="' . esc_attr( $class ) . '" href="' . esc_url( $url ) . '">' . $text . '</a>';

	/**
	 * Filters the post edit link anchor tag.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    Anchor tag for the edit link.
	 * @param int    $post_id Post ID.
	 * @param string $text    Anchor text.
	 */
	echo $before . apply_filters( 'edit_post_link', $link, $post->ID, $text ) . $after;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the delete posts link for post.
 *
 * Can be used within the WordPress loop or outside of it, with any post type.
 *
 * @since 2.9.0
 *
 * @param int    $id           Optional. Post ID. Default is the ID of the global `$post`.
 * @param string $deprecated   Not used.
 * @param bool   $force_delete Optional. Whether to bypass trash and force deletion. Default false.
 * @return string|void The delete post link URL for the given post.
 */
function get_delete_post_link( $id = 0, $deprecated = '', $force_delete = false ) {
	if ( ! empty( $deprecated ) )
		_deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '3.0.0' );

	if ( !$post = get_post( $id ) )
		return;

	$post_type_object = get_post_type_object( $post->post_type );
	if ( !$post_type_object )
		return;

	if ( !current_user_can( 'delete_post', $post->ID ) )
		return;

	$action = ( $force_delete || !EMPTY_TRASH_DAYS ) ? 'delete' : 'trash';

	$delete_link = add_query_arg( 'action', $action, admin_url( sprintf( $post_type_object->_edit_link, $post->ID ) ) );

	/**
	 * Filters the post delete link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link         The delete link.
	 * @param int    $post_id      Post ID.
	 * @param bool   $force_delete Whether to bypass the trash and force deletion. Default false.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_delete_post_link', wp_nonce_url( $delete_link, "$action-post_{$post->ID}" ), $post->ID, $force_delete );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the edit comment link.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @param int|WP_Comment $comment_id Optional. Comment ID or WP_Comment object.
 * @return string|void The edit comment link URL for the given comment.
 */
function get_edit_comment_link( $comment_id = 0 ) {
	$comment = get_comment( $comment_id );

	if ( !current_user_can( 'edit_comment', $comment->comment_ID ) )
		return;

	$location = admin_url('comment.php?action=editcomment&amp;c=') . $comment->comment_ID;

	/**
	 * Filters the comment edit link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string $location The edit link.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_edit_comment_link', $location );
}

/**
 * Displays the edit comment link with formatting.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @param string $text   Optional. Anchor text. If null, default is 'Edit This'. Default null.
 * @param string $before Optional. Display before edit link. Default empty.
 * @param string $after  Optional. Display after edit link. Default empty.
 */
function edit_comment_link( $text = null, $before = '', $after = '' ) {
	$comment = get_comment();

	if ( ! current_user_can( 'edit_comment', $comment->comment_ID ) ) {
		return;
	}

	if ( null === $text ) {
		$text = __( 'Edit This' );
	}

	$link = '<a class="comment-edit-link" href="' . esc_url( get_edit_comment_link( $comment ) ) . '">' . $text . '</a>';

	/**
	 * Filters the comment edit link anchor tag.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link       Anchor tag for the edit link.
	 * @param int    $comment_id Comment ID.
	 * @param string $text       Anchor text.
	 */
	echo $before . apply_filters( 'edit_comment_link', $link, $comment->comment_ID, $text ) . $after;
}

/**
 * Displays the edit bookmark link.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @param int|stdClass $link Optional. Bookmark ID. Default is the id of the current bookmark.
 * @return string|void The edit bookmark link URL.
 */
function get_edit_bookmark_link( $link = 0 ) {
	$link = get_bookmark( $link );

	if ( !current_user_can('manage_links') )
		return;

	$location = admin_url('link.php?action=edit&amp;link_id=') . $link->link_id;

	/**
	 * Filters the bookmark edit link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $location The edit link.
	 * @param int    $link_id  Bookmark ID.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_edit_bookmark_link', $location, $link->link_id );
}

/**
 * Displays the edit bookmark link anchor content.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @param string $link     Optional. Anchor text. Default empty.
 * @param string $before   Optional. Display before edit link. Default empty.
 * @param string $after    Optional. Display after edit link. Default empty.
 * @param int    $bookmark Optional. Bookmark ID. Default is the current bookmark.
 */
function edit_bookmark_link( $link = '', $before = '', $after = '', $bookmark = null ) {
	$bookmark = get_bookmark($bookmark);

	if ( !current_user_can('manage_links') )
		return;

	if ( empty($link) )
		$link = __('Edit This');

	$link = '<a href="' . esc_url( get_edit_bookmark_link( $bookmark ) ) . '">' . $link . '</a>';

	/**
	 * Filters the bookmark edit link anchor tag.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    Anchor tag for the edit link.
	 * @param int    $link_id Bookmark ID.
	 */
	echo $before . apply_filters( 'edit_bookmark_link', $link, $bookmark->link_id ) . $after;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the edit user link.
 *
 * @since 3.5.0
 *
 * @param int $user_id Optional. User ID. Defaults to the current user.
 * @return string URL to edit user page or empty string.
 */
function get_edit_user_link( $user_id = null ) {
	if ( ! $user_id )
		$user_id = get_current_user_id();

	if ( empty( $user_id ) || ! current_user_can( 'edit_user', $user_id ) )
		return '';

	$user = get_userdata( $user_id );

	if ( ! $user )
		return '';

	if ( get_current_user_id() == $user->ID )
		$link = get_edit_profile_url( $user->ID );
	else
		$link = add_query_arg( 'user_id', $user->ID, self_admin_url( 'user-edit.php' ) );

	/**
	 * Filters the user edit link.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link    The edit link.
	 * @param int    $user_id User ID.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_edit_user_link', $link, $user->ID );
}

// Navigation links

/**
 * Retrieves the previous post that is adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether post should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return null|string|WP_Post Post object if successful. Null if global $post is not set. Empty string if no
 *                             corresponding post exists.
 */
function get_previous_post( $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	return get_adjacent_post( $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, true, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the next post that is adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether post should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return null|string|WP_Post Post object if successful. Null if global $post is not set. Empty string if no
 *                             corresponding post exists.
 */
function get_next_post( $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	return get_adjacent_post( $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, false, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the adjacent post.
 *
 * Can either be next or previous post.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 *
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether post should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param bool         $previous       Optional. Whether to retrieve previous post. Default true
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return null|string|WP_Post Post object if successful. Null if global $post is not set. Empty string if no
 *                             corresponding post exists.
 */
function get_adjacent_post( $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $previous = true, $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	global $wpdb;

	if ( ( ! $post = get_post() ) || ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) )
		return null;

	$current_post_date = $post->post_date;

	$join = '';
	$where = '';
	$adjacent = $previous ? 'previous' : 'next';

	if ( $in_same_term || ! empty( $excluded_terms ) ) {
		if ( ! empty( $excluded_terms ) && ! is_array( $excluded_terms ) ) {
			// back-compat, $excluded_terms used to be $excluded_terms with IDs separated by " and "
			if ( false !== strpos( $excluded_terms, ' and ' ) ) {
				_deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '3.3.0', sprintf( __( 'Use commas instead of %s to separate excluded terms.' ), "'and'" ) );
				$excluded_terms = explode( ' and ', $excluded_terms );
			} else {
				$excluded_terms = explode( ',', $excluded_terms );
			}

			$excluded_terms = array_map( 'intval', $excluded_terms );
		}

		if ( $in_same_term ) {
			$join .= " INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_relationships AS tr ON p.ID = tr.object_id INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id";
			$where .= $wpdb->prepare( "AND tt.taxonomy = %s", $taxonomy );

			if ( ! is_object_in_taxonomy( $post->post_type, $taxonomy ) )
				return '';
			$term_array = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, $taxonomy, array( 'fields' => 'ids' ) );

			// Remove any exclusions from the term array to include.
			$term_array = array_diff( $term_array, (array) $excluded_terms );
			$term_array = array_map( 'intval', $term_array );

			if ( ! $term_array || is_wp_error( $term_array ) )
				return '';

			$where .= " AND tt.term_id IN (" . implode( ',', $term_array ) . ")";
		}

		/**
		 * Filters the IDs of terms excluded from adjacent post queries.
		 *
		 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$adjacent`, refers to the type
		 * of adjacency, 'next' or 'previous'.
		 *
		 * @since 4.4.0
		 *
		 * @param string $excluded_terms Array of excluded term IDs.
		 */
		$excluded_terms = apply_filters( "get_{$adjacent}_post_excluded_terms", $excluded_terms );

		if ( ! empty( $excluded_terms ) ) {
			$where .= " AND p.ID NOT IN ( SELECT tr.object_id FROM $wpdb->term_relationships tr LEFT JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy tt ON (tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id) WHERE tt.term_id IN (" . implode( ',', array_map( 'intval', $excluded_terms ) ) . ') )';
		}
	}

	// 'post_status' clause depends on the current user.
	if ( is_user_logged_in() ) {
		$user_id = get_current_user_id();

		$post_type_object = get_post_type_object( $post->post_type );
		if ( empty( $post_type_object ) ) {
			$post_type_cap    = $post->post_type;
			$read_private_cap = 'read_private_' . $post_type_cap . 's';
		} else {
			$read_private_cap = $post_type_object->cap->read_private_posts;
		}

		/*
		 * Results should include private posts belonging to the current user, or private posts where the
		 * current user has the 'read_private_posts' cap.
		 */
		$private_states = get_post_stati( array( 'private' => true ) );
		$where .= " AND ( p.post_status = 'publish'";
		foreach ( (array) $private_states as $state ) {
			if ( current_user_can( $read_private_cap ) ) {
				$where .= $wpdb->prepare( " OR p.post_status = %s", $state );
			} else {
				$where .= $wpdb->prepare( " OR (p.post_author = %d AND p.post_status = %s)", $user_id, $state );
			}
		}
		$where .= " )";
	} else {
		$where .= " AND p.post_status = 'publish'";
	}

	$op = $previous ? '<' : '>';
	$order = $previous ? 'DESC' : 'ASC';

	/**
	 * Filters the JOIN clause in the SQL for an adjacent post query.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$adjacent`, refers to the type
	 * of adjacency, 'next' or 'previous'.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 Added the `$taxonomy` and `$post` parameters.
	 *
	 * @param string  $join           The JOIN clause in the SQL.
	 * @param bool    $in_same_term   Whether post should be in a same taxonomy term.
	 * @param array   $excluded_terms Array of excluded term IDs.
	 * @param string  $taxonomy       Taxonomy. Used to identify the term used when `$in_same_term` is true.
	 * @param WP_Post $post           WP_Post object.
	 */
	$join = apply_filters( "get_{$adjacent}_post_join", $join, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $taxonomy, $post );

	/**
	 * Filters the WHERE clause in the SQL for an adjacent post query.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$adjacent`, refers to the type
	 * of adjacency, 'next' or 'previous'.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 Added the `$taxonomy` and `$post` parameters.
	 *
	 * @param string $where          The `WHERE` clause in the SQL.
	 * @param bool   $in_same_term   Whether post should be in a same taxonomy term.
	 * @param array  $excluded_terms Array of excluded term IDs.
	 * @param string $taxonomy       Taxonomy. Used to identify the term used when `$in_same_term` is true.
	 * @param WP_Post $post           WP_Post object.
	 */
	$where = apply_filters( "get_{$adjacent}_post_where", $wpdb->prepare( "WHERE p.post_date $op %s AND p.post_type = %s $where", $current_post_date, $post->post_type ), $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $taxonomy, $post );

	/**
	 * Filters the ORDER BY clause in the SQL for an adjacent post query.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$adjacent`, refers to the type
	 * of adjacency, 'next' or 'previous'.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 Added the `$post` parameter.
	 *
	 * @param string $order_by The `ORDER BY` clause in the SQL.
	 * @param WP_Post $post    WP_Post object.
	 */
	$sort  = apply_filters( "get_{$adjacent}_post_sort", "ORDER BY p.post_date $order LIMIT 1", $post );

	$query = "SELECT p.ID FROM $wpdb->posts AS p $join $where $sort";
	$query_key = 'adjacent_post_' . md5( $query );
	$result = wp_cache_get( $query_key, 'counts' );
	if ( false !== $result ) {
		if ( $result )
			$result = get_post( $result );
		return $result;
	}

	$result = $wpdb->get_var( $query );
	if ( null === $result )
		$result = '';

	wp_cache_set( $query_key, $result, 'counts' );

	if ( $result )
		$result = get_post( $result );

	return $result;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the adjacent post relational link.
 *
 * Can either be next or previous post relational link.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @param string       $title          Optional. Link title format. Default '%title'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param bool         $previous       Optional. Whether to display link to previous or next post. Default true.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return string|void The adjacent post relational link URL.
 */
function get_adjacent_post_rel_link( $title = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $previous = true, $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	if ( $previous && is_attachment() && $post = get_post() )
		$post = get_post( $post->post_parent );
	else
		$post = get_adjacent_post( $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $previous, $taxonomy );

	if ( empty( $post ) )
		return;

	$post_title = the_title_attribute( array( 'echo' => false, 'post' => $post ) );

	if ( empty( $post_title ) )
		$post_title = $previous ? __( 'Previous Post' ) : __( 'Next Post' );

	$date = mysql2date( get_option( 'date_format' ), $post->post_date );

	$title = str_replace( '%title', $post_title, $title );
	$title = str_replace( '%date', $date, $title );

	$link = $previous ? "<link rel='prev' title='" : "<link rel='next' title='";
	$link .= esc_attr( $title );
	$link .= "' href='" . get_permalink( $post ) . "' />\n";

	$adjacent = $previous ? 'previous' : 'next';

	/**
	 * Filters the adjacent post relational link.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$adjacent`, refers to the type
	 * of adjacency, 'next' or 'previous'.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link The relational link.
	 */
	return apply_filters( "{$adjacent}_post_rel_link", $link );
}

/**
 * Displays the relational links for the posts adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @param string       $title          Optional. Link title format. Default '%title'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 */
function adjacent_posts_rel_link( $title = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	echo get_adjacent_post_rel_link( $title, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, true, $taxonomy );
	echo get_adjacent_post_rel_link( $title, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, false, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Displays relational links for the posts adjacent to the current post for single post pages.
 *
 * This is meant to be attached to actions like 'wp_head'. Do not call this directly in plugins
 * or theme templates.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @see adjacent_posts_rel_link()
 */
function adjacent_posts_rel_link_wp_head() {
	if ( ! is_single() || is_attachment() ) {
		return;
	}
	adjacent_posts_rel_link();
}

/**
 * Displays the relational link for the next post adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @see get_adjacent_post_rel_link()
 *
 * @param string       $title          Optional. Link title format. Default '%title'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 */
function next_post_rel_link( $title = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	echo get_adjacent_post_rel_link( $title, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, false, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Displays the relational link for the previous post adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @see get_adjacent_post_rel_link()
 *
 * @param string       $title          Optional. Link title format. Default '%title'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default true.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 */
function prev_post_rel_link( $title = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	echo get_adjacent_post_rel_link( $title, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, true, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the boundary post.
 *
 * Boundary being either the first or last post by publish date within the constraints specified
 * by $in_same_term or $excluded_terms.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether returned post should be in a same taxonomy term.
 *                                     Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs.
 *                                     Default empty.
 * @param bool         $start          Optional. Whether to retrieve first or last post. Default true
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return null|array Array containing the boundary post object if successful, null otherwise.
 */
function get_boundary_post( $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $start = true, $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	$post = get_post();
	if ( ! $post || ! is_single() || is_attachment() || ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) )
		return null;

	$query_args = array(
		'posts_per_page' => 1,
		'order' => $start ? 'ASC' : 'DESC',
		'update_post_term_cache' => false,
		'update_post_meta_cache' => false
	);

	$term_array = array();

	if ( ! is_array( $excluded_terms ) ) {
		if ( ! empty( $excluded_terms ) )
			$excluded_terms = explode( ',', $excluded_terms );
		else
			$excluded_terms = array();
	}

	if ( $in_same_term || ! empty( $excluded_terms ) ) {
		if ( $in_same_term )
			$term_array = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, $taxonomy, array( 'fields' => 'ids' ) );

		if ( ! empty( $excluded_terms ) ) {
			$excluded_terms = array_map( 'intval', $excluded_terms );
			$excluded_terms = array_diff( $excluded_terms, $term_array );

			$inverse_terms = array();
			foreach ( $excluded_terms as $excluded_term )
				$inverse_terms[] = $excluded_term * -1;
			$excluded_terms = $inverse_terms;
		}

		$query_args[ 'tax_query' ] = array( array(
			'taxonomy' => $taxonomy,
			'terms' => array_merge( $term_array, $excluded_terms )
		) );
	}

	return get_posts( $query_args );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the previous post link that is adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @param string       $format         Optional. Link anchor format. Default '&laquo; %link'.
 * @param string       $link           Optional. Link permalink format. Default '%title%'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return string The link URL of the previous post in relation to the current post.
 */
function get_previous_post_link( $format = '&laquo; %link', $link = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	return get_adjacent_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, true, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Displays the previous post link that is adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @see get_previous_post_link()
 *
 * @param string       $format         Optional. Link anchor format. Default '&laquo; %link'.
 * @param string       $link           Optional. Link permalink format. Default '%title'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 */
function previous_post_link( $format = '&laquo; %link', $link = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	echo get_previous_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the next post link that is adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @param string       $format         Optional. Link anchor format. Default '&laquo; %link'.
 * @param string       $link           Optional. Link permalink format. Default '%title'.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return string The link URL of the next post in relation to the current post.
 */
function get_next_post_link( $format = '%link &raquo;', $link = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	return get_adjacent_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, false, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Displays the next post link that is adjacent to the current post.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 * @see get_next_post_link()
 *
 * @param string       $format         Optional. Link anchor format. Default '&laquo; %link'.
 * @param string       $link           Optional. Link permalink format. Default '%title'
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 */
function next_post_link( $format = '%link &raquo;', $link = '%title', $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	 echo get_next_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the adjacent post link.
 *
 * Can be either next post link or previous.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @param string       $format         Link anchor format.
 * @param string       $link           Link permalink format.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded terms IDs. Default empty.
 * @param bool         $previous       Optional. Whether to display link to previous or next post. Default true.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 * @return string The link URL of the previous or next post in relation to the current post.
 */
function get_adjacent_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $previous = true, $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	if ( $previous && is_attachment() )
		$post = get_post( get_post()->post_parent );
	else
		$post = get_adjacent_post( $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $previous, $taxonomy );

	if ( ! $post ) {
		$output = '';
	} else {
		$title = $post->post_title;

		if ( empty( $post->post_title ) )
			$title = $previous ? __( 'Previous Post' ) : __( 'Next Post' );

		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/post-template.php */
		$title = apply_filters( 'the_title', $title, $post->ID );

		$date = mysql2date( get_option( 'date_format' ), $post->post_date );
		$rel = $previous ? 'prev' : 'next';

		$string = '<a href="' . get_permalink( $post ) . '" rel="'.$rel.'">';
		$inlink = str_replace( '%title', $title, $link );
		$inlink = str_replace( '%date', $date, $inlink );
		$inlink = $string . $inlink . '</a>';

		$output = str_replace( '%link', $inlink, $format );
	}

	$adjacent = $previous ? 'previous' : 'next';

	/**
	 * Filters the adjacent post link.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$adjacent`, refers to the type
	 * of adjacency, 'next' or 'previous'.
	 *
	 * @since 2.6.0
	 * @since 4.2.0 Added the `$adjacent` parameter.
	 *
	 * @param string  $output   The adjacent post link.
	 * @param string  $format   Link anchor format.
	 * @param string  $link     Link permalink format.
	 * @param WP_Post $post     The adjacent post.
	 * @param string  $adjacent Whether the post is previous or next.
	 */
	return apply_filters( "{$adjacent}_post_link", $output, $format, $link, $post, $adjacent );
}

/**
 * Displays the adjacent post link.
 *
 * Can be either next post link or previous.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string       $format         Link anchor format.
 * @param string       $link           Link permalink format.
 * @param bool         $in_same_term   Optional. Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 * @param array|string $excluded_terms Optional. Array or comma-separated list of excluded category IDs. Default empty.
 * @param bool         $previous       Optional. Whether to display link to previous or next post. Default true.
 * @param string       $taxonomy       Optional. Taxonomy, if $in_same_term is true. Default 'category'.
 */
function adjacent_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term = false, $excluded_terms = '', $previous = true, $taxonomy = 'category' ) {
	echo get_adjacent_post_link( $format, $link, $in_same_term, $excluded_terms, $previous, $taxonomy );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the link for a page number.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param int  $pagenum Optional. Page ID. Default 1.
 * @param bool $escape  Optional. Whether to escape the URL for display, with esc_url(). Defaults to true.
 * 	                    Otherwise, prepares the URL with esc_url_raw().
 * @return string The link URL for the given page number.
 */
function get_pagenum_link($pagenum = 1, $escape = true ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$pagenum = (int) $pagenum;

	$request = remove_query_arg( 'paged' );

	$home_root = parse_url(home_url());
	$home_root = ( isset($home_root['path']) ) ? $home_root['path'] : '';
	$home_root = preg_quote( $home_root, '|' );

	$request = preg_replace('|^'. $home_root . '|i', '', $request);
	$request = preg_replace('|^/+|', '', $request);

	if ( !$wp_rewrite->using_permalinks() || is_admin() ) {
		$base = trailingslashit( get_bloginfo( 'url' ) );

		if ( $pagenum > 1 ) {
			$result = add_query_arg( 'paged', $pagenum, $base . $request );
		} else {
			$result = $base . $request;
		}
	} else {
		$qs_regex = '|\?.*?$|';
		preg_match( $qs_regex, $request, $qs_match );

		if ( !empty( $qs_match[0] ) ) {
			$query_string = $qs_match[0];
			$request = preg_replace( $qs_regex, '', $request );
		} else {
			$query_string = '';
		}

		$request = preg_replace( "|$wp_rewrite->pagination_base/\d+/?$|", '', $request);
		$request = preg_replace( '|^' . preg_quote( $wp_rewrite->index, '|' ) . '|i', '', $request);
		$request = ltrim($request, '/');

		$base = trailingslashit( get_bloginfo( 'url' ) );

		if ( $wp_rewrite->using_index_permalinks() && ( $pagenum > 1 || '' != $request ) )
			$base .= $wp_rewrite->index . '/';

		if ( $pagenum > 1 ) {
			$request = ( ( !empty( $request ) ) ? trailingslashit( $request ) : $request ) . user_trailingslashit( $wp_rewrite->pagination_base . "/" . $pagenum, 'paged' );
		}

		$result = $base . $request . $query_string;
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the page number link for the current request.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $result The page number link.
	 */
	$result = apply_filters( 'get_pagenum_link', $result );

	if ( $escape )
		return esc_url( $result );
	else
		return esc_url_raw( $result );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the next posts page link.
 *
 * Backported from 2.1.3 to 2.0.10.
 *
 * @since 2.0.10
 *
 * @global int $paged
 *
 * @param int $max_page Optional. Max pages. Default 0.
 * @return string|void The link URL for next posts page.
 */
function get_next_posts_page_link($max_page = 0) {
	global $paged;

	if ( !is_single() ) {
		if ( !$paged )
			$paged = 1;
		$nextpage = intval($paged) + 1;
		if ( !$max_page || $max_page >= $nextpage )
			return get_pagenum_link($nextpage);
	}
}

/**
 * Displays or retrieves the next posts page link.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param int   $max_page Optional. Max pages. Default 0.
 * @param bool  $echo     Optional. Whether to echo the link. Default true.
 * @return string|void The link URL for next posts page if `$echo = false`.
 */
function next_posts( $max_page = 0, $echo = true ) {
	$output = esc_url( get_next_posts_page_link( $max_page ) );

	if ( $echo )
		echo $output;
	else
		return $output;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the next posts page link.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @global int      $paged
 * @global WP_Query $wp_query
 *
 * @param string $label    Content for link text.
 * @param int    $max_page Optional. Max pages. Default 0.
 * @return string|void HTML-formatted next posts page link.
 */
function get_next_posts_link( $label = null, $max_page = 0 ) {
	global $paged, $wp_query;

	if ( !$max_page )
		$max_page = $wp_query->max_num_pages;

	if ( !$paged )
		$paged = 1;

	$nextpage = intval($paged) + 1;

	if ( null === $label )
		$label = __( 'Next Page &raquo;' );

	if ( !is_single() && ( $nextpage <= $max_page ) ) {
		/**
		 * Filters the anchor tag attributes for the next posts page link.
		 *
		 * @since 2.7.0
		 *
		 * @param string $attributes Attributes for the anchor tag.
		 */
		$attr = apply_filters( 'next_posts_link_attributes', '' );

		return '<a href="' . next_posts( $max_page, false ) . "\" $attr>" . preg_replace('/&([^#])(?![a-z]{1,8};)/i', '&#038;$1', $label) . '</a>';
	}
}

/**
 * Displays the next posts page link.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string $label    Content for link text.
 * @param int    $max_page Optional. Max pages. Default 0.
 */
function next_posts_link( $label = null, $max_page = 0 ) {
	echo get_next_posts_link( $label, $max_page );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the previous posts page link.
 *
 * Will only return string, if not on a single page or post.
 *
 * Backported to 2.0.10 from 2.1.3.
 *
 * @since 2.0.10
 *
 * @global int $paged
 *
 * @return string|void The link for the previous posts page.
 */
function get_previous_posts_page_link() {
	global $paged;

	if ( !is_single() ) {
		$nextpage = intval($paged) - 1;
		if ( $nextpage < 1 )
			$nextpage = 1;
		return get_pagenum_link($nextpage);
	}
}

/**
 * Displays or retrieves the previous posts page link.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param bool $echo Optional. Whether to echo the link. Default true.
 * @return string|void The previous posts page link if `$echo = false`.
 */
function previous_posts( $echo = true ) {
	$output = esc_url( get_previous_posts_page_link() );

	if ( $echo )
		echo $output;
	else
		return $output;
}

/**
 * Retrieves the previous posts page link.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @global int $paged
 *
 * @param string $label Optional. Previous page link text.
 * @return string|void HTML-formatted previous page link.
 */
function get_previous_posts_link( $label = null ) {
	global $paged;

	if ( null === $label )
		$label = __( '&laquo; Previous Page' );

	if ( !is_single() && $paged > 1 ) {
		/**
		 * Filters the anchor tag attributes for the previous posts page link.
		 *
		 * @since 2.7.0
		 *
		 * @param string $attributes Attributes for the anchor tag.
		 */
		$attr = apply_filters( 'previous_posts_link_attributes', '' );
		return '<a href="' . previous_posts( false ) . "\" $attr>". preg_replace( '/&([^#])(?![a-z]{1,8};)/i', '&#038;$1', $label ) .'</a>';
	}
}

/**
 * Displays the previous posts page link.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string $label Optional. Previous page link text.
 */
function previous_posts_link( $label = null ) {
	echo get_previous_posts_link( $label );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the post pages link navigation for previous and next pages.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @global WP_Query $wp_query
 *
 * @param string|array $args {
 *     Optional. Arguments to build the post pages link navigation.
 *
 *     @type string $sep      Separator character. Default '&#8212;'.
 *     @type string $prelabel Link text to display for the previous page link.
 *                            Default '&laquo; Previous Page'.
 *     @type string $nxtlabel Link text to display for the next page link.
 *                            Default 'Next Page &raquo;'.
 * }
 * @return string The posts link navigation.
 */
function get_posts_nav_link( $args = array() ) {
	global $wp_query;

	$return = '';

	if ( !is_singular() ) {
		$defaults = array(
			'sep' => ' &#8212; ',
			'prelabel' => __('&laquo; Previous Page'),
			'nxtlabel' => __('Next Page &raquo;'),
		);
		$args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

		$max_num_pages = $wp_query->max_num_pages;
		$paged = get_query_var('paged');

		//only have sep if there's both prev and next results
		if ($paged < 2 || $paged >= $max_num_pages) {
			$args['sep'] = '';
		}

		if ( $max_num_pages > 1 ) {
			$return = get_previous_posts_link($args['prelabel']);
			$return .= preg_replace('/&([^#])(?![a-z]{1,8};)/i', '&#038;$1', $args['sep']);
			$return .= get_next_posts_link($args['nxtlabel']);
		}
	}
	return $return;

}

/**
 * Displays the post pages link navigation for previous and next pages.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string $sep      Optional. Separator for posts navigation links. Default empty.
 * @param string $prelabel Optional. Label for previous pages. Default empty.
 * @param string $nxtlabel Optional Label for next pages. Default empty.
 */
function posts_nav_link( $sep = '', $prelabel = '', $nxtlabel = '' ) {
	$args = array_filter( compact('sep', 'prelabel', 'nxtlabel') );
	echo get_posts_nav_link($args);
}

/**
 * Retrieves the navigation to next/previous post, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 * @since 4.4.0 Introduced the `in_same_term`, `excluded_terms`, and `taxonomy` arguments.
 *
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Default post navigation arguments. Default empty array.
 *
 *     @type string       $prev_text          Anchor text to display in the previous post link. Default '%title'.
 *     @type string       $next_text          Anchor text to display in the next post link. Default '%title'.
 *     @type bool         $in_same_term       Whether link should be in a same taxonomy term. Default false.
 *     @type array|string $excluded_terms     Array or comma-separated list of excluded term IDs. Default empty.
 *     @type string       $taxonomy           Taxonomy, if `$in_same_term` is true. Default 'category'.
 *     @type string       $screen_reader_text Screen reader text for nav element. Default 'Post navigation'.
 * }
 * @return string Markup for post links.
 */
function get_the_post_navigation( $args = array() ) {
	$args = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
		'prev_text'          => '%title',
		'next_text'          => '%title',
		'in_same_term'       => false,
		'excluded_terms'     => '',
		'taxonomy'           => 'category',
		'screen_reader_text' => __( 'Post navigation' ),
	) );

	$navigation = '';

	$previous = get_previous_post_link(
		'<div class="nav-previous">%link</div>',
		$args['prev_text'],
		$args['in_same_term'],
		$args['excluded_terms'],
		$args['taxonomy']
	);

	$next = get_next_post_link(
		'<div class="nav-next">%link</div>',
		$args['next_text'],
		$args['in_same_term'],
		$args['excluded_terms'],
		$args['taxonomy']
	);

	// Only add markup if there's somewhere to navigate to.
	if ( $previous || $next ) {
		$navigation = _navigation_markup( $previous . $next, 'post-navigation', $args['screen_reader_text'] );
	}

	return $navigation;
}

/**
 * Displays the navigation to next/previous post, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 *
 * @param array $args Optional. See get_the_post_navigation() for available arguments.
 *                    Default empty array.
 */
function the_post_navigation( $args = array() ) {
	echo get_the_post_navigation( $args );
}

/**
 * Returns the navigation to next/previous set of posts, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 *
 * @global WP_Query $wp_query WordPress Query object.
 *
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Default posts navigation arguments. Default empty array.
 *
 *     @type string $prev_text          Anchor text to display in the previous posts link.
 *                                      Default 'Older posts'.
 *     @type string $next_text          Anchor text to display in the next posts link.
 *                                      Default 'Newer posts'.
 *     @type string $screen_reader_text Screen reader text for nav element.
 *                                      Default 'Posts navigation'.
 * }
 * @return string Markup for posts links.
 */
function get_the_posts_navigation( $args = array() ) {
	$navigation = '';

	// Don't print empty markup if there's only one page.
	if ( $GLOBALS['wp_query']->max_num_pages > 1 ) {
		$args = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
			'prev_text'          => __( 'Older posts' ),
			'next_text'          => __( 'Newer posts' ),
			'screen_reader_text' => __( 'Posts navigation' ),
		) );

		$next_link = get_previous_posts_link( $args['next_text'] );
		$prev_link = get_next_posts_link( $args['prev_text'] );

		if ( $prev_link ) {
			$navigation .= '<div class="nav-previous">' . $prev_link . '</div>';
		}

		if ( $next_link ) {
			$navigation .= '<div class="nav-next">' . $next_link . '</div>';
		}

		$navigation = _navigation_markup( $navigation, 'posts-navigation', $args['screen_reader_text'] );
	}

	return $navigation;
}

/**
 * Displays the navigation to next/previous set of posts, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 *
 * @param array $args Optional. See get_the_posts_navigation() for available arguments.
 *                    Default empty array.
 */
function the_posts_navigation( $args = array() ) {
	echo get_the_posts_navigation( $args );
}

/**
 * Retrieves a paginated navigation to next/previous set of posts, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 *
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Default pagination arguments, see paginate_links().
 *
 *     @type string $screen_reader_text Screen reader text for navigation element.
 *                                      Default 'Posts navigation'.
 * }
 * @return string Markup for pagination links.
 */
function get_the_posts_pagination( $args = array() ) {
	$navigation = '';

	// Don't print empty markup if there's only one page.
	if ( $GLOBALS['wp_query']->max_num_pages > 1 ) {
		$args = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
			'mid_size'           => 1,
			'prev_text'          => _x( 'Previous', 'previous set of posts' ),
			'next_text'          => _x( 'Next', 'next set of posts' ),
			'screen_reader_text' => __( 'Posts navigation' ),
		) );

		// Make sure we get a string back. Plain is the next best thing.
		if ( isset( $args['type'] ) && 'array' == $args['type'] ) {
			$args['type'] = 'plain';
		}

		// Set up paginated links.
		$links = paginate_links( $args );

		if ( $links ) {
			$navigation = _navigation_markup( $links, 'pagination', $args['screen_reader_text'] );
		}
	}

	return $navigation;
}

/**
 * Displays a paginated navigation to next/previous set of posts, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 *
 * @param array $args Optional. See get_the_posts_pagination() for available arguments.
 *                    Default empty array.
 */
function the_posts_pagination( $args = array() ) {
	echo get_the_posts_pagination( $args );
}

/**
 * Wraps passed links in navigational markup.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $links              Navigational links.
 * @param string $class              Optional. Custom class for nav element. Default: 'posts-navigation'.
 * @param string $screen_reader_text Optional. Screen reader text for nav element. Default: 'Posts navigation'.
 * @return string Navigation template tag.
 */
function _navigation_markup( $links, $class = 'posts-navigation', $screen_reader_text = '' ) {
	if ( empty( $screen_reader_text ) ) {
		$screen_reader_text = __( 'Posts navigation' );
	}

	$template = '
	<nav class="navigation %1$s" role="navigation">
		<h2 class="screen-reader-text">%2$s</h2>
		<div class="nav-links">%3$s</div>
	</nav>';

	/**
	 * Filters the navigation markup template.
	 *
	 * Note: The filtered template HTML must contain specifiers for the navigation
	 * class (%1$s), the screen-reader-text value (%2$s), and placement of the
	 * navigation links (%3$s):
	 *
	 *     <nav class="navigation %1$s" role="navigation">
	 *         <h2 class="screen-reader-text">%2$s</h2>
	 *         <div class="nav-links">%3$s</div>
	 *     </nav>
	 *
	 * @since 4.4.0
	 *
	 * @param string $template The default template.
	 * @param string $class    The class passed by the calling function.
	 * @return string Navigation template.
	 */
	$template = apply_filters( 'navigation_markup_template', $template, $class );

	return sprintf( $template, sanitize_html_class( $class ), esc_html( $screen_reader_text ), $links );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the comments page number link.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param int $pagenum  Optional. Page number. Default 1.
 * @param int $max_page Optional. The maximum number of comment pages. Default 0.
 * @return string The comments page number link URL.
 */
function get_comments_pagenum_link( $pagenum = 1, $max_page = 0 ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$pagenum = (int) $pagenum;

	$result = get_permalink();

	if ( 'newest' == get_option('default_comments_page') ) {
		if ( $pagenum != $max_page ) {
			if ( $wp_rewrite->using_permalinks() )
				$result = user_trailingslashit( trailingslashit($result) . $wp_rewrite->comments_pagination_base . '-' . $pagenum, 'commentpaged');
			else
				$result = add_query_arg( 'cpage', $pagenum, $result );
		}
	} elseif ( $pagenum > 1 ) {
		if ( $wp_rewrite->using_permalinks() )
			$result = user_trailingslashit( trailingslashit($result) . $wp_rewrite->comments_pagination_base . '-' . $pagenum, 'commentpaged');
		else
			$result = add_query_arg( 'cpage', $pagenum, $result );
	}

	$result .= '#comments';

	/**
	 * Filters the comments page number link for the current request.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $result The comments page number link.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_comments_pagenum_link', $result );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the link to the next comments page.
 *
 * @since 2.7.1
 *
 * @global WP_Query $wp_query
 *
 * @param string $label    Optional. Label for link text. Default empty.
 * @param int    $max_page Optional. Max page. Default 0.
 * @return string|void HTML-formatted link for the next page of comments.
 */
function get_next_comments_link( $label = '', $max_page = 0 ) {
	global $wp_query;

	if ( ! is_singular() )
		return;

	$page = get_query_var('cpage');

	if ( ! $page ) {
		$page = 1;
	}

	$nextpage = intval($page) + 1;

	if ( empty($max_page) )
		$max_page = $wp_query->max_num_comment_pages;

	if ( empty($max_page) )
		$max_page = get_comment_pages_count();

	if ( $nextpage > $max_page )
		return;

	if ( empty($label) )
		$label = __('Newer Comments &raquo;');

	/**
	 * Filters the anchor tag attributes for the next comments page link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $attributes Attributes for the anchor tag.
	 */
	return '<a href="' . esc_url( get_comments_pagenum_link( $nextpage, $max_page ) ) . '" ' . apply_filters( 'next_comments_link_attributes', '' ) . '>'. preg_replace('/&([^#])(?![a-z]{1,8};)/i', '&#038;$1', $label) .'</a>';
}

/**
 * Displays the link to the next comments page.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @param string $label    Optional. Label for link text. Default empty.
 * @param int    $max_page Optional. Max page. Default 0.
 */
function next_comments_link( $label = '', $max_page = 0 ) {
	echo get_next_comments_link( $label, $max_page );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the link to the previous comments page.
 *
 * @since 2.7.1
 *
 * @param string $label Optional. Label for comments link text. Default empty.
 * @return string|void HTML-formatted link for the previous page of comments.
 */
function get_previous_comments_link( $label = '' ) {
	if ( ! is_singular() )
		return;

	$page = get_query_var('cpage');

	if ( intval($page) <= 1 )
		return;

	$prevpage = intval($page) - 1;

	if ( empty($label) )
		$label = __('&laquo; Older Comments');

	/**
	 * Filters the anchor tag attributes for the previous comments page link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $attributes Attributes for the anchor tag.
	 */
	return '<a href="' . esc_url( get_comments_pagenum_link( $prevpage ) ) . '" ' . apply_filters( 'previous_comments_link_attributes', '' ) . '>' . preg_replace('/&([^#])(?![a-z]{1,8};)/i', '&#038;$1', $label) .'</a>';
}

/**
 * Displays the link to the previous comments page.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @param string $label Optional. Label for comments link text. Default empty.
 */
function previous_comments_link( $label = '' ) {
	echo get_previous_comments_link( $label );
}

/**
 * Displays or retrieves pagination links for the comments on the current post.
 *
 * @see paginate_links()
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string|array $args Optional args. See paginate_links(). Default empty array.
 * @return string|void Markup for pagination links.
 */
function paginate_comments_links( $args = array() ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	if ( ! is_singular() )
		return;

	$page = get_query_var('cpage');
	if ( !$page )
		$page = 1;
	$max_page = get_comment_pages_count();
	$defaults = array(
		'base' => add_query_arg( 'cpage', '%#%' ),
		'format' => '',
		'total' => $max_page,
		'current' => $page,
		'echo' => true,
		'add_fragment' => '#comments'
	);
	if ( $wp_rewrite->using_permalinks() )
		$defaults['base'] = user_trailingslashit(trailingslashit(get_permalink()) . $wp_rewrite->comments_pagination_base . '-%#%', 'commentpaged');

	$args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
	$page_links = paginate_links( $args );

	if ( $args['echo'] )
		echo $page_links;
	else
		return $page_links;
}

/**
 * Retrieves navigation to next/previous set of comments, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.4.0
 *
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Default comments navigation arguments.
 *
 *     @type string $prev_text          Anchor text to display in the previous comments link.
 *                                      Default 'Older comments'.
 *     @type string $next_text          Anchor text to display in the next comments link.
 *                                      Default 'Newer comments'.
 *     @type string $screen_reader_text Screen reader text for nav element. Default 'Comments navigation'.
 * }
 * @return string Markup for comments links.
 */
function get_the_comments_navigation( $args = array() ) {
	$navigation = '';

	// Are there comments to navigate through?
	if ( get_comment_pages_count() > 1 ) {
		$args = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
			'prev_text'          => __( 'Older comments' ),
			'next_text'          => __( 'Newer comments' ),
			'screen_reader_text' => __( 'Comments navigation' ),
		) );

		$prev_link = get_previous_comments_link( $args['prev_text'] );
		$next_link = get_next_comments_link( $args['next_text'] );

		if ( $prev_link ) {
			$navigation .= '<div class="nav-previous">' . $prev_link . '</div>';
		}

		if ( $next_link ) {
			$navigation .= '<div class="nav-next">' . $next_link . '</div>';
		}

		$navigation = _navigation_markup( $navigation, 'comment-navigation', $args['screen_reader_text'] );
	}

	return $navigation;
}

/**
 * Displays navigation to next/previous set of comments, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.4.0
 *
 * @param array $args See get_the_comments_navigation() for available arguments. Default empty array.
 */
function the_comments_navigation( $args = array() ) {
	echo get_the_comments_navigation( $args );
}

/**
 * Retrieves a paginated navigation to next/previous set of comments, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.4.0
 *
 * @see paginate_comments_links()
 *
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Default pagination arguments.
 *
 *     @type string $screen_reader_text Screen reader text for nav element. Default 'Comments navigation'.
 * }
 * @return string Markup for pagination links.
 */
function get_the_comments_pagination( $args = array() ) {
	$navigation = '';
	$args       = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
		'screen_reader_text' => __( 'Comments navigation' ),
	) );
	$args['echo'] = false;

	// Make sure we get plain links, so we get a string we can work with.
	$args['type'] = 'plain';

	$links = paginate_comments_links( $args );

	if ( $links ) {
		$navigation = _navigation_markup( $links, 'comments-pagination', $args['screen_reader_text'] );
	}

	return $navigation;
}

/**
 * Displays a paginated navigation to next/previous set of comments, when applicable.
 *
 * @since 4.4.0
 *
 * @param array $args See get_the_comments_pagination() for available arguments. Default empty array.
 */
function the_comments_pagination( $args = array() ) {
	echo get_the_comments_pagination( $args );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the Press This bookmarklet link.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @global bool          $is_IE      Whether the browser matches an Internet Explorer user agent.
 */
function get_shortcut_link() {
	global $is_IE;

	include_once( ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/class-wp-press-this.php' );

	$link = '';

	if ( $is_IE ) {
		/*
		 * Return the old/shorter bookmarklet code for MSIE 8 and lower,
		 * since they only support a max length of ~2000 characters for
		 * bookmark[let] URLs, which is way to small for our smarter one.
		 * Do update the version number so users do not get the "upgrade your
		 * bookmarklet" notice when using PT in those browsers.
		 */
		$ua = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];

		if ( ! empty( $ua ) && preg_match( '/\bMSIE (\d)/', $ua, $matches ) && (int) $matches[1] <= 8 ) {
			$url = wp_json_encode( admin_url( 'press-this.php' ) );

			$link = 'javascript:var d=document,w=window,e=w.getSelection,k=d.getSelection,x=d.selection,' .
				's=(e?e():(k)?k():(x?x.createRange().text:0)),f=' . $url . ',l=d.location,e=encodeURIComponent,' .
				'u=f+"?u="+e(l.href)+"&t="+e(d.title)+"&s="+e(s)+"&v=' . WP_Press_This::VERSION . '";' .
				'a=function(){if(!w.open(u,"t","toolbar=0,resizable=1,scrollbars=1,status=1,width=600,height=700"))l.href=u;};' .
				'if(/Firefox/.test(navigator.userAgent))setTimeout(a,0);else a();void(0)';
		}
	}

	if ( empty( $link ) ) {
		$src = @file_get_contents( ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/js/bookmarklet.min.js' );

		if ( $src ) {
			$url = wp_json_encode( admin_url( 'press-this.php' ) . '?v=' . WP_Press_This::VERSION );
			$link = 'javascript:' . str_replace( 'window.pt_url', $url, $src );
		}
	}

	$link = str_replace( array( "\r", "\n", "\t" ),  '', $link );

	/**
	 * Filters the Press This bookmarklet link.
	 *
	 * @since 2.6.0
	 *
	 * @param string $link The Press This bookmarklet link.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'shortcut_link', $link );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL for the current site where the front end is accessible.
 *
 * Returns the 'home' option with the appropriate protocol. The protocol will be 'https'
 * if is_ssl() evaluates to true; otherwise, it will be the same as the 'home' option.
 * If `$scheme` is 'http' or 'https', is_ssl() is overridden.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param  string      $path   Optional. Path relative to the home URL. Default empty.
 * @param  string|null $scheme Optional. Scheme to give the home URL context. Accepts
 *                             'http', 'https', 'relative', 'rest', or null. Default null.
 * @return string Home URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function home_url( $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	return get_home_url( null, $path, $scheme );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL for a given site where the front end is accessible.
 *
 * Returns the 'home' option with the appropriate protocol. The protocol will be 'https'
 * if is_ssl() evaluates to true; otherwise, it will be the same as the 'home' option.
 * If `$scheme` is 'http' or 'https', is_ssl() is overridden.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @global string $pagenow
 *
 * @param  int         $blog_id Optional. Site ID. Default null (current site).
 * @param  string      $path    Optional. Path relative to the home URL. Default empty.
 * @param  string|null $scheme  Optional. Scheme to give the home URL context. Accepts
 *                              'http', 'https', 'relative', 'rest', or null. Default null.
 * @return string Home URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function get_home_url( $blog_id = null, $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	global $pagenow;

	$orig_scheme = $scheme;

	if ( empty( $blog_id ) || !is_multisite() ) {
		$url = get_option( 'home' );
	} else {
		switch_to_blog( $blog_id );
		$url = get_option( 'home' );
		restore_current_blog();
	}

	if ( ! in_array( $scheme, array( 'http', 'https', 'relative' ) ) ) {
		if ( is_ssl() && ! is_admin() && 'wp-login.php' !== $pagenow )
			$scheme = 'https';
		else
			$scheme = parse_url( $url, PHP_URL_SCHEME );
	}

	$url = set_url_scheme( $url, $scheme );

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= '/' . ltrim( $path, '/' );

	/**
	 * Filters the home URL.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string      $url         The complete home URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string      $path        Path relative to the home URL. Blank string if no path is specified.
	 * @param string|null $orig_scheme Scheme to give the home URL context. Accepts 'http', 'https',
	 *                                 'relative', 'rest', or null.
	 * @param int|null    $blog_id     Site ID, or null for the current site.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'home_url', $url, $path, $orig_scheme, $blog_id );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL for the current site where WordPress application files
 * (e.g. wp-blog-header.php or the wp-admin/ folder) are accessible.
 *
 * Returns the 'site_url' option with the appropriate protocol, 'https' if
 * is_ssl() and 'http' otherwise. If $scheme is 'http' or 'https', is_ssl() is
 * overridden.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional. Path relative to the site URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme Optional. Scheme to give the site URL context. See set_url_scheme().
 * @return string Site URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function site_url( $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	return get_site_url( null, $path, $scheme );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL for a given site where WordPress application files
 * (e.g. wp-blog-header.php or the wp-admin/ folder) are accessible.
 *
 * Returns the 'site_url' option with the appropriate protocol, 'https' if
 * is_ssl() and 'http' otherwise. If `$scheme` is 'http' or 'https',
 * `is_ssl()` is overridden.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param int    $blog_id Optional. Site ID. Default null (current site).
 * @param string $path    Optional. Path relative to the site URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme  Optional. Scheme to give the site URL context. Accepts
 *                        'http', 'https', 'login', 'login_post', 'admin', or
 *                        'relative'. Default null.
 * @return string Site URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function get_site_url( $blog_id = null, $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	if ( empty( $blog_id ) || !is_multisite() ) {
		$url = get_option( 'siteurl' );
	} else {
		switch_to_blog( $blog_id );
		$url = get_option( 'siteurl' );
		restore_current_blog();
	}

	$url = set_url_scheme( $url, $scheme );

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= '/' . ltrim( $path, '/' );

	/**
	 * Filters the site URL.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string      $url     The complete site URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string      $path    Path relative to the site URL. Blank string if no path is specified.
	 * @param string|null $scheme  Scheme to give the site URL context. Accepts 'http', 'https', 'login',
	 *                             'login_post', 'admin', 'relative' or null.
	 * @param int|null    $blog_id Site ID, or null for the current site.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'site_url', $url, $path, $scheme, $blog_id );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the admin area for the current site.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional path relative to the admin URL.
 * @param string $scheme The scheme to use. Default is 'admin', which obeys force_ssl_admin() and is_ssl().
 *                       'http' or 'https' can be passed to force those schemes.
 * @return string Admin URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function admin_url( $path = '', $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	return get_admin_url( null, $path, $scheme );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the admin area for a given site.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param int    $blog_id Optional. Site ID. Default null (current site).
 * @param string $path    Optional. Path relative to the admin URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme  Optional. The scheme to use. Accepts 'http' or 'https',
 *                        to force those schemes. Default 'admin', which obeys
 *                        force_ssl_admin() and is_ssl().
 * @return string Admin URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function get_admin_url( $blog_id = null, $path = '', $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	$url = get_site_url($blog_id, 'wp-admin/', $scheme);

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= ltrim( $path, '/' );

	/**
	 * Filters the admin area URL.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string   $url     The complete admin area URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string   $path    Path relative to the admin area URL. Blank string if no path is specified.
	 * @param int|null $blog_id Site ID, or null for the current site.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'admin_url', $url, $path, $blog_id );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the includes directory.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional. Path relative to the includes URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme Optional. Scheme to give the includes URL context. Accepts
 *                       'http', 'https', or 'relative'. Default null.
 * @return string Includes URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function includes_url( $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	$url = site_url( '/' . WPINC . '/', $scheme );

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= ltrim($path, '/');

	/**
	 * Filters the URL to the includes directory.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url  The complete URL to the includes directory including scheme and path.
	 * @param string $path Path relative to the URL to the wp-includes directory. Blank string
	 *                     if no path is specified.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'includes_url', $url, $path );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the content directory.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @param string $path Optional. Path relative to the content URL. Default empty.
 * @return string Content URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function content_url( $path = '' ) {
	$url = set_url_scheme( WP_CONTENT_URL );

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= '/' . ltrim($path, '/');

	/**
	 * Filters the URL to the content directory.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url  The complete URL to the content directory including scheme and path.
	 * @param string $path Path relative to the URL to the content directory. Blank string
	 *                     if no path is specified.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'content_url', $url, $path);
}

/**
 * Retrieves a URL within the plugins or mu-plugins directory.
 *
 * Defaults to the plugins directory URL if no arguments are supplied.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @param  string $path   Optional. Extra path appended to the end of the URL, including
 *                        the relative directory if $plugin is supplied. Default empty.
 * @param  string $plugin Optional. A full path to a file inside a plugin or mu-plugin.
 *                        The URL will be relative to its directory. Default empty.
 *                        Typically this is done by passing `__FILE__` as the argument.
 * @return string Plugins URL link with optional paths appended.
 */
function plugins_url( $path = '', $plugin = '' ) {

	$path = wp_normalize_path( $path );
	$plugin = wp_normalize_path( $plugin );
	$mu_plugin_dir = wp_normalize_path( WPMU_PLUGIN_DIR );

	if ( !empty($plugin) && 0 === strpos($plugin, $mu_plugin_dir) )
		$url = WPMU_PLUGIN_URL;
	else
		$url = WP_PLUGIN_URL;


	$url = set_url_scheme( $url );

	if ( !empty($plugin) && is_string($plugin) ) {
		$folder = dirname(plugin_basename($plugin));
		if ( '.' != $folder )
			$url .= '/' . ltrim($folder, '/');
	}

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= '/' . ltrim($path, '/');

	/**
	 * Filters the URL to the plugins directory.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url    The complete URL to the plugins directory including scheme and path.
	 * @param string $path   Path relative to the URL to the plugins directory. Blank string
	 *                       if no path is specified.
	 * @param string $plugin The plugin file path to be relative to. Blank string if no plugin
	 *                       is specified.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'plugins_url', $url, $path, $plugin );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the site URL for the current network.
 *
 * Returns the site URL with the appropriate protocol, 'https' if
 * is_ssl() and 'http' otherwise. If $scheme is 'http' or 'https', is_ssl() is
 * overridden.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @see set_url_scheme()
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional. Path relative to the site URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme Optional. Scheme to give the site URL context. Accepts
 *                       'http', 'https', or 'relative'. Default null.
 * @return string Site URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function network_site_url( $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	if ( ! is_multisite() )
		return site_url($path, $scheme);

	$current_network = get_network();

	if ( 'relative' == $scheme )
		$url = $current_network->path;
	else
		$url = set_url_scheme( 'http://' . $current_network->domain . $current_network->path, $scheme );

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= ltrim( $path, '/' );

	/**
	 * Filters the network site URL.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string      $url    The complete network site URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string      $path   Path relative to the network site URL. Blank string if
	 *                            no path is specified.
	 * @param string|null $scheme Scheme to give the URL context. Accepts 'http', 'https',
	 *                            'relative' or null.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'network_site_url', $url, $path, $scheme );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the home URL for the current network.
 *
 * Returns the home URL with the appropriate protocol, 'https' is_ssl()
 * and 'http' otherwise. If `$scheme` is 'http' or 'https', `is_ssl()` is
 * overridden.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param  string $path   Optional. Path relative to the home URL. Default empty.
 * @param  string $scheme Optional. Scheme to give the home URL context. Accepts
 *                        'http', 'https', or 'relative'. Default null.
 * @return string Home URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function network_home_url( $path = '', $scheme = null ) {
	if ( ! is_multisite() )
		return home_url($path, $scheme);

	$current_network = get_network();
	$orig_scheme = $scheme;

	if ( ! in_array( $scheme, array( 'http', 'https', 'relative' ) ) )
		$scheme = is_ssl() && ! is_admin() ? 'https' : 'http';

	if ( 'relative' == $scheme )
		$url = $current_network->path;
	else
		$url = set_url_scheme( 'http://' . $current_network->domain . $current_network->path, $scheme );

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= ltrim( $path, '/' );

	/**
	 * Filters the network home URL.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string      $url         The complete network home URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string      $path        Path relative to the network home URL. Blank string
	 *                                 if no path is specified.
	 * @param string|null $orig_scheme Scheme to give the URL context. Accepts 'http', 'https',
	 *                                 'relative' or null.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'network_home_url', $url, $path, $orig_scheme);
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the admin area for the network.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional path relative to the admin URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme Optional. The scheme to use. Default is 'admin', which obeys force_ssl_admin()
 *                       and is_ssl(). 'http' or 'https' can be passed to force those schemes.
 * @return string Admin URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function network_admin_url( $path = '', $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	if ( ! is_multisite() )
		return admin_url( $path, $scheme );

	$url = network_site_url('wp-admin/network/', $scheme);

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= ltrim($path, '/');

	/**
	 * Filters the network admin URL.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url  The complete network admin URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string $path Path relative to the network admin URL. Blank string if
	 *                     no path is specified.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'network_admin_url', $url, $path );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the admin area for the current user.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional. Path relative to the admin URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme Optional. The scheme to use. Default is 'admin', which obeys force_ssl_admin()
 *                       and is_ssl(). 'http' or 'https' can be passed to force those schemes.
 * @return string Admin URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function user_admin_url( $path = '', $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	$url = network_site_url('wp-admin/user/', $scheme);

	if ( $path && is_string( $path ) )
		$url .= ltrim($path, '/');

	/**
	 * Filters the user admin URL for the current user.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url  The complete URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string $path Path relative to the URL. Blank string if
	 *                     no path is specified.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'user_admin_url', $url, $path );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the admin area for either the current site or the network depending on context.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param string $path   Optional. Path relative to the admin URL. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme Optional. The scheme to use. Default is 'admin', which obeys force_ssl_admin()
 *                       and is_ssl(). 'http' or 'https' can be passed to force those schemes.
 * @return string Admin URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function self_admin_url( $path = '', $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	if ( is_network_admin() )
		return network_admin_url($path, $scheme);
	elseif ( is_user_admin() )
		return user_admin_url($path, $scheme);
	else
		return admin_url($path, $scheme);
}

/**
 * Sets the scheme for a URL.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 * @since 4.4.0 The 'rest' scheme was added.
 *
 * @param string      $url    Absolute URL that includes a scheme
 * @param string|null $scheme Optional. Scheme to give $url. Currently 'http', 'https', 'login',
 *                            'login_post', 'admin', 'relative', 'rest', 'rpc', or null. Default null.
 * @return string $url URL with chosen scheme.
 */
function set_url_scheme( $url, $scheme = null ) {
	$orig_scheme = $scheme;

	if ( ! $scheme ) {
		$scheme = is_ssl() ? 'https' : 'http';
	} elseif ( $scheme === 'admin' || $scheme === 'login' || $scheme === 'login_post' || $scheme === 'rpc' ) {
		$scheme = is_ssl() || force_ssl_admin() ? 'https' : 'http';
	} elseif ( $scheme !== 'http' && $scheme !== 'https' && $scheme !== 'relative' ) {
		$scheme = is_ssl() ? 'https' : 'http';
	}

	$url = trim( $url );
	if ( substr( $url, 0, 2 ) === '//' )
		$url = 'http:' . $url;

	if ( 'relative' == $scheme ) {
		$url = ltrim( preg_replace( '#^\w+://[^/]*#', '', $url ) );
		if ( $url !== '' && $url[0] === '/' )
			$url = '/' . ltrim($url , "/ \t\n\r\0\x0B" );
	} else {
		$url = preg_replace( '#^\w+://#', $scheme . '://', $url );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the resulting URL after setting the scheme.
	 *
	 * @since 3.4.0
	 *
	 * @param string      $url         The complete URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param string      $scheme      Scheme applied to the URL. One of 'http', 'https', or 'relative'.
	 * @param string|null $orig_scheme Scheme requested for the URL. One of 'http', 'https', 'login',
	 *                                 'login_post', 'admin', 'relative', 'rest', 'rpc', or null.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'set_url_scheme', $url, $scheme, $orig_scheme );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the user's dashboard.
 *
 * If a user does not belong to any site, the global user dashboard is used. If the user
 * belongs to the current site, the dashboard for the current site is returned. If the user
 * cannot edit the current site, the dashboard to the user's primary site is returned.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param int    $user_id Optional. User ID. Defaults to current user.
 * @param string $path    Optional path relative to the dashboard. Use only paths known to
 *                        both site and user admins. Default empty.
 * @param string $scheme  The scheme to use. Default is 'admin', which obeys force_ssl_admin()
 *                        and is_ssl(). 'http' or 'https' can be passed to force those schemes.
 * @return string Dashboard URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function get_dashboard_url( $user_id = 0, $path = '', $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	$user_id = $user_id ? (int) $user_id : get_current_user_id();

	$blogs = get_blogs_of_user( $user_id );
	if ( ! is_super_admin() && empty($blogs) ) {
		$url = user_admin_url( $path, $scheme );
	} elseif ( ! is_multisite() ) {
		$url = admin_url( $path, $scheme );
	} else {
		$current_blog = get_current_blog_id();
		if ( $current_blog  && ( is_super_admin( $user_id ) || in_array( $current_blog, array_keys( $blogs ) ) ) ) {
			$url = admin_url( $path, $scheme );
		} else {
			$active = get_active_blog_for_user( $user_id );
			if ( $active )
				$url = get_admin_url( $active->blog_id, $path, $scheme );
			else
				$url = user_admin_url( $path, $scheme );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the dashboard URL for a user.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url     The complete URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param int    $user_id The user ID.
	 * @param string $path    Path relative to the URL. Blank string if no path is specified.
	 * @param string $scheme  Scheme to give the URL context. Accepts 'http', 'https', 'login',
	 *                        'login_post', 'admin', 'relative' or null.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'user_dashboard_url', $url, $user_id, $path, $scheme);
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL to the user's profile editor.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param int    $user_id Optional. User ID. Defaults to current user.
 * @param string $scheme  Optional. The scheme to use. Default is 'admin', which obeys force_ssl_admin()
 *                        and is_ssl(). 'http' or 'https' can be passed to force those schemes.
 * @return string Dashboard URL link with optional path appended.
 */
function get_edit_profile_url( $user_id = 0, $scheme = 'admin' ) {
	$user_id = $user_id ? (int) $user_id : get_current_user_id();

	if ( is_user_admin() )
		$url = user_admin_url( 'profile.php', $scheme );
	elseif ( is_network_admin() )
		$url = network_admin_url( 'profile.php', $scheme );
	else
		$url = get_dashboard_url( $user_id, 'profile.php', $scheme );

	/**
	 * Filters the URL for a user's profile editor.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url     The complete URL including scheme and path.
	 * @param int    $user_id The user ID.
	 * @param string $scheme  Scheme to give the URL context. Accepts 'http', 'https', 'login',
	 *                        'login_post', 'admin', 'relative' or null.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'edit_profile_url', $url, $user_id, $scheme);
}

/**
 * Returns the canonical URL for a post.
 *
 * When the post is the same as the current requested page the function will handle the
 * pagination arguments too.
 *
 * @since 4.6.0
 *
 * @param int|WP_Post $post Optional. Post ID or object. Default is global `$post`.
 * @return string|false The canonical URL, or false if the post does not exist or has not
 *                      been published yet.
 */
function wp_get_canonical_url( $post = null ) {
	$post = get_post( $post );

	if ( ! $post ) {
		return false;
	}

	if ( 'publish' !== $post->post_status ) {
		return false;
	}

	$canonical_url = get_permalink( $post );

	// If a canonical is being generated for the current page, make sure it has pagination if needed.
	if ( $post->ID === get_queried_object_id() ) {
		$page = get_query_var( 'page', 0 );
		if ( $page >= 2 ) {
			if ( '' == get_option( 'permalink_structure' ) ) {
				$canonical_url = add_query_arg( 'page', $page, $canonical_url );
			} else {
				$canonical_url = trailingslashit( $canonical_url ) . user_trailingslashit( $page, 'single_paged' );
			}
		}

		$cpage = get_query_var( 'cpage', 0 );
		if ( $cpage ) {
			$canonical_url = get_comments_pagenum_link( $cpage );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the canonical URL for a post.
	 *
	 * @since 4.6.0
	 *
	 * @param string  $string The post's canonical URL.
	 * @param WP_Post $post   Post object.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_canonical_url', $canonical_url, $post );
}

/**
 * Outputs rel=canonical for singular queries.
 *
 * @since 2.9.0
 * @since 4.6.0 Adjusted to use wp_get_canonical_url().
 */
function rel_canonical() {
	if ( ! is_singular() ) {
		return;
	}

	$id = get_queried_object_id();

	if ( 0 === $id ) {
		return;
	}

	$url = wp_get_canonical_url( $id );

	if ( ! empty( $url ) ) {
		echo '<link rel="canonical" href="' . esc_url( $url ) . '" />' . "\n";
	}
}

/**
 * Returns a shortlink for a post, page, attachment, or site.
 *
 * This function exists to provide a shortlink tag that all themes and plugins can target.
 * A plugin must hook in to provide the actual shortlinks. Default shortlink support is
 * limited to providing ?p= style links for posts. Plugins can short-circuit this function
 * via the {@see 'pre_get_shortlink'} filter or filter the output via the {@see 'get_shortlink'}
 * filter.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0.
 *
 * @param int    $id          Optional. A post or site id. Default is 0, which means the current post or site.
 * @param string $context     Optional. Whether the id is a 'site' id, 'post' id, or 'media' id. If 'post',
 *                            the post_type of the post is consulted. If 'query', the current query is consulted
 *                            to determine the id and context. Default 'post'.
 * @param bool   $allow_slugs Optional. Whether to allow post slugs in the shortlink. It is up to the plugin how
 *                            and whether to honor this. Default true.
 * @return string A shortlink or an empty string if no shortlink exists for the requested resource or if shortlinks
 *                are not enabled.
 */
function wp_get_shortlink( $id = 0, $context = 'post', $allow_slugs = true ) {
	/**
	 * Filters whether to preempt generating a shortlink for the given post.
	 *
	 * Passing a truthy value to the filter will effectively short-circuit the
	 * shortlink-generation process, returning that value instead.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param bool|string $return      Short-circuit return value. Either false or a URL string.
	 * @param int         $id          Post ID, or 0 for the current post.
	 * @param string      $context     The context for the link. One of 'post' or 'query',
	 * @param bool        $allow_slugs Whether to allow post slugs in the shortlink.
	 */
	$shortlink = apply_filters( 'pre_get_shortlink', false, $id, $context, $allow_slugs );

	if ( false !== $shortlink ) {
		return $shortlink;
	}

	$post_id = 0;
	if ( 'query' == $context && is_singular() ) {
		$post_id = get_queried_object_id();
		$post = get_post( $post_id );
	} elseif ( 'post' == $context ) {
		$post = get_post( $id );
		if ( ! empty( $post->ID ) )
			$post_id = $post->ID;
	}

	$shortlink = '';

	// Return p= link for all public post types.
	if ( ! empty( $post_id ) ) {
		$post_type = get_post_type_object( $post->post_type );

		if ( 'page' === $post->post_type && $post->ID == get_option( 'page_on_front' ) && 'page' == get_option( 'show_on_front' ) ) {
			$shortlink = home_url( '/' );
		} elseif ( $post_type->public ) {
			$shortlink = home_url( '?p=' . $post_id );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the shortlink for a post.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $shortlink   Shortlink URL.
	 * @param int    $id          Post ID, or 0 for the current post.
	 * @param string $context     The context for the link. One of 'post' or 'query',
	 * @param bool   $allow_slugs Whether to allow post slugs in the shortlink. Not used by default.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_shortlink', $shortlink, $id, $context, $allow_slugs );
}

/**
 * Injects rel=shortlink into the head if a shortlink is defined for the current page.
 *
 * Attached to the {@see 'wp_head'} action.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 */
function wp_shortlink_wp_head() {
	$shortlink = wp_get_shortlink( 0, 'query' );

	if ( empty( $shortlink ) )
		return;

	echo "<link rel='shortlink' href='" . esc_url( $shortlink ) . "' />\n";
}

/**
 * Sends a Link: rel=shortlink header if a shortlink is defined for the current page.
 *
 * Attached to the {@see 'wp'} action.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 */
function wp_shortlink_header() {
	if ( headers_sent() )
		return;

	$shortlink = wp_get_shortlink(0, 'query');

	if ( empty($shortlink) )
		return;

	header('Link: <' . $shortlink . '>; rel=shortlink', false);
}

/**
 * Displays the shortlink for a post.
 *
 * Must be called from inside "The Loop"
 *
 * Call like the_shortlink( __( 'Shortlinkage FTW' ) )
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $text   Optional The link text or HTML to be displayed. Defaults to 'This is the short link.'
 * @param string $title  Optional The tooltip for the link. Must be sanitized. Defaults to the sanitized post title.
 * @param string $before Optional HTML to display before the link. Default empty.
 * @param string $after  Optional HTML to display after the link. Default empty.
 */
function the_shortlink( $text = '', $title = '', $before = '', $after = '' ) {
	$post = get_post();

	if ( empty( $text ) )
		$text = __('This is the short link.');

	if ( empty( $title ) )
		$title = the_title_attribute( array( 'echo' => false ) );

	$shortlink = wp_get_shortlink( $post->ID );

	if ( !empty( $shortlink ) ) {
		$link = '<a rel="shortlink" href="' . esc_url( $shortlink ) . '" title="' . $title . '">' . $text . '</a>';

		/**
		 * Filters the short link anchor tag for a post.
		 *
		 * @since 3.0.0
		 *
		 * @param string $link      Shortlink anchor tag.
		 * @param string $shortlink Shortlink URL.
		 * @param string $text      Shortlink's text.
		 * @param string $title     Shortlink's title attribute.
		 */
		$link = apply_filters( 'the_shortlink', $link, $shortlink, $text, $title );
		echo $before, $link, $after;
	}
}


/**
 * Retrieves the avatar URL.
 *
 * @since 4.2.0
 *
 * @param mixed $id_or_email The Gravatar to retrieve a URL for. Accepts a user_id, gravatar md5 hash,
 *                           user email, WP_User object, WP_Post object, or WP_Comment object.
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Arguments to return instead of the default arguments.
 *
 *     @type int    $size           Height and width of the avatar in pixels. Default 96.
 *     @type string $default        URL for the default image or a default type. Accepts '404' (return
 *                                  a 404 instead of a default image), 'retro' (8bit), 'monsterid' (monster),
 *                                  'wavatar' (cartoon face), 'indenticon' (the "quilt"), 'mystery', 'mm',
 *                                  or 'mysteryman' (The Oyster Man), 'blank' (transparent GIF), or
 *                                  'gravatar_default' (the Gravatar logo). Default is the value of the
 *                                  'avatar_default' option, with a fallback of 'mystery'.
 *     @type bool   $force_default  Whether to always show the default image, never the Gravatar. Default false.
 *     @type string $rating         What rating to display avatars up to. Accepts 'G', 'PG', 'R', 'X', and are
 *                                  judged in that order. Default is the value of the 'avatar_rating' option.
 *     @type string $scheme         URL scheme to use. See set_url_scheme() for accepted values.
 *                                  Default null.
 *     @type array  $processed_args When the function returns, the value will be the processed/sanitized $args
 *                                  plus a "found_avatar" guess. Pass as a reference. Default null.
 * }
 * @return false|string The URL of the avatar we found, or false if we couldn't find an avatar.
 */
function get_avatar_url( $id_or_email, $args = null ) {
	$args = get_avatar_data( $id_or_email, $args );
	return $args['url'];
}

/**
 * Retrieves default data about the avatar.
 *
 * @since 4.2.0
 *
 * @param mixed $id_or_email The Gravatar to retrieve. Accepts a user_id, gravatar md5 hash,
 *                            user email, WP_User object, WP_Post object, or WP_Comment object.
 * @param array $args {
 *     Optional. Arguments to return instead of the default arguments.
 *
 *     @type int    $size           Height and width of the avatar image file in pixels. Default 96.
 *     @type int    $height         Display height of the avatar in pixels. Defaults to $size.
 *     @type int    $width          Display width of the avatar in pixels. Defaults to $size.
 *     @type string $default        URL for the default image or a default type. Accepts '404' (return
 *                                  a 404 instead of a default image), 'retro' (8bit), 'monsterid' (monster),
 *                                  'wavatar' (cartoon face), 'indenticon' (the "quilt"), 'mystery', 'mm',
 *                                  or 'mysteryman' (The Oyster Man), 'blank' (transparent GIF), or
 *                                  'gravatar_default' (the Gravatar logo). Default is the value of the
 *                                  'avatar_default' option, with a fallback of 'mystery'.
 *     @type bool   $force_default  Whether to always show the default image, never the Gravatar. Default false.
 *     @type string $rating         What rating to display avatars up to. Accepts 'G', 'PG', 'R', 'X', and are
 *                                  judged in that order. Default is the value of the 'avatar_rating' option.
 *     @type string $scheme         URL scheme to use. See set_url_scheme() for accepted values.
 *                                  Default null.
 *     @type array  $processed_args When the function returns, the value will be the processed/sanitized $args
 *                                  plus a "found_avatar" guess. Pass as a reference. Default null.
 *     @type string $extra_attr     HTML attributes to insert in the IMG element. Is not sanitized. Default empty.
 * }
 * @return array $processed_args {
 *     Along with the arguments passed in `$args`, this will contain a couple of extra arguments.
 *
 *     @type bool   $found_avatar True if we were able to find an avatar for this user,
 *                                false or not set if we couldn't.
 *     @type string $url          The URL of the avatar we found.
 * }
 */
function get_avatar_data( $id_or_email, $args = null ) {
	$args = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
		'size'           => 96,
		'height'         => null,
		'width'          => null,
		'default'        => get_option( 'avatar_default', 'mystery' ),
		'force_default'  => false,
		'rating'         => get_option( 'avatar_rating' ),
		'scheme'         => null,
		'processed_args' => null, // if used, should be a reference
		'extra_attr'     => '',
	) );

	if ( is_numeric( $args['size'] ) ) {
		$args['size'] = absint( $args['size'] );
		if ( ! $args['size'] ) {
			$args['size'] = 96;
		}
	} else {
		$args['size'] = 96;
	}

	if ( is_numeric( $args['height'] ) ) {
		$args['height'] = absint( $args['height'] );
		if ( ! $args['height'] ) {
			$args['height'] = $args['size'];
		}
	} else {
		$args['height'] = $args['size'];
	}

	if ( is_numeric( $args['width'] ) ) {
		$args['width'] = absint( $args['width'] );
		if ( ! $args['width'] ) {
			$args['width'] = $args['size'];
		}
	} else {
		$args['width'] = $args['size'];
	}

	if ( empty( $args['default'] ) ) {
		$args['default'] = get_option( 'avatar_default', 'mystery' );
	}

	switch ( $args['default'] ) {
		case 'mm' :
		case 'mystery' :
		case 'mysteryman' :
			$args['default'] = 'mm';
			break;
		case 'gravatar_default' :
			$args['default'] = false;
			break;
	}

	$args['force_default'] = (bool) $args['force_default'];

	$args['rating'] = strtolower( $args['rating'] );

	$args['found_avatar'] = false;

	/**
	 * Filters whether to retrieve the avatar URL early.
	 *
	 * Passing a non-null value in the 'url' member of the return array will
	 * effectively short circuit get_avatar_data(), passing the value through
	 * the {@see 'get_avatar_data'} filter and returning early.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 *
	 * @param array  $args        Arguments passed to get_avatar_data(), after processing.
	 * @param mixed  $id_or_email The Gravatar to retrieve. Accepts a user_id, gravatar md5 hash,
	 *                            user email, WP_User object, WP_Post object, or WP_Comment object.
	 */
	$args = apply_filters( 'pre_get_avatar_data', $args, $id_or_email );

	if ( isset( $args['url'] ) && ! is_null( $args['url'] ) ) {
		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/link-template.php */
		return apply_filters( 'get_avatar_data', $args, $id_or_email );
	}

	$email_hash = '';
	$user = $email = false;

	if ( is_object( $id_or_email ) && isset( $id_or_email->comment_ID ) ) {
		$id_or_email = get_comment( $id_or_email );
	}

	// Process the user identifier.
	if ( is_numeric( $id_or_email ) ) {
		$user = get_user_by( 'id', absint( $id_or_email ) );
	} elseif ( is_string( $id_or_email ) ) {
		if ( strpos( $id_or_email, '@md5.gravatar.com' ) ) {
			// md5 hash
			list( $email_hash ) = explode( '@', $id_or_email );
		} else {
			// email address
			$email = $id_or_email;
		}
	} elseif ( $id_or_email instanceof WP_User ) {
		// User Object
		$user = $id_or_email;
	} elseif ( $id_or_email instanceof WP_Post ) {
		// Post Object
		$user = get_user_by( 'id', (int) $id_or_email->post_author );
	} elseif ( $id_or_email instanceof WP_Comment ) {
		/**
		 * Filters the list of allowed comment types for retrieving avatars.
		 *
		 * @since 3.0.0
		 *
		 * @param array $types An array of content types. Default only contains 'comment'.
		 */
		$allowed_comment_types = apply_filters( 'get_avatar_comment_types', array( 'comment' ) );
		if ( ! empty( $id_or_email->comment_type ) && ! in_array( $id_or_email->comment_type, (array) $allowed_comment_types ) ) {
			$args['url'] = false;
			/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/link-template.php */
			return apply_filters( 'get_avatar_data', $args, $id_or_email );
		}

		if ( ! empty( $id_or_email->user_id ) ) {
			$user = get_user_by( 'id', (int) $id_or_email->user_id );
		}
		if ( ( ! $user || is_wp_error( $user ) ) && ! empty( $id_or_email->comment_author_email ) ) {
			$email = $id_or_email->comment_author_email;
		}
	}

	if ( ! $email_hash ) {
		if ( $user ) {
			$email = $user->user_email;
		}

		if ( $email ) {
			$email_hash = md5( strtolower( trim( $email ) ) );
		}
	}

	if ( $email_hash ) {
		$args['found_avatar'] = true;
		$gravatar_server = hexdec( $email_hash[0] ) % 3;
	} else {
		$gravatar_server = rand( 0, 2 );
	}

	$url_args = array(
		's' => $args['size'],
		'd' => $args['default'],
		'f' => $args['force_default'] ? 'y' : false,
		'r' => $args['rating'],
	);

	if ( is_ssl() ) {
		$url = 'https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/' . $email_hash;
	} else {
		$url = sprintf( 'http://%d.gravatar.com/avatar/%s', $gravatar_server, $email_hash );
	}

	$url = add_query_arg(
		rawurlencode_deep( array_filter( $url_args ) ),
		set_url_scheme( $url, $args['scheme'] )
	);

	/**
	 * Filters the avatar URL.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url         The URL of the avatar.
	 * @param mixed  $id_or_email The Gravatar to retrieve. Accepts a user_id, gravatar md5 hash,
	 *                            user email, WP_User object, WP_Post object, or WP_Comment object.
	 * @param array  $args        Arguments passed to get_avatar_data(), after processing.
	 */
	$args['url'] = apply_filters( 'get_avatar_url', $url, $id_or_email, $args );

	/**
	 * Filters the avatar data.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 *
	 * @param array  $args        Arguments passed to get_avatar_data(), after processing.
	 * @param mixed  $id_or_email The Gravatar to retrieve. Accepts a user_id, gravatar md5 hash,
	 *                            user email, WP_User object, WP_Post object, or WP_Comment object.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_avatar_data', $args, $id_or_email );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL of a file in the theme.
 *
 * Searches in the stylesheet directory before the template directory so themes
 * which inherit from a parent theme can just override one file.
 *
 * @since 4.7.0
 *
 * @param string $file Optional. File to search for in the stylesheet directory.
 * @return string The URL of the file.
 */
function get_theme_file_uri( $file = '' ) {
	$file = ltrim( $file, '/' );

	if ( empty( $file ) ) {
		$url = get_stylesheet_directory_uri();
	} elseif ( file_exists( get_stylesheet_directory() . '/' . $file ) ) {
		$url = get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/' . $file;
	} else {
		$url = get_template_directory_uri() . '/' . $file;
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the URL to a file in the theme.
	 *
	 * @since 4.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url  The file URL.
	 * @param string $file The requested file to search for.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'theme_file_uri', $url, $file );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the URL of a file in the parent theme.
 *
 * @since 4.7.0
 *
 * @param string $file Optional. File to return the URL for in the template directory.
 * @return string The URL of the file.
 */
function get_parent_theme_file_uri( $file = '' ) {
	$file = ltrim( $file, '/' );

	if ( empty( $file ) ) {
		$url = get_template_directory_uri();
	} else {
		$url = get_template_directory_uri() . '/' . $file;
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the URL to a file in the parent theme.
	 *
	 * @since 4.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url  The file URL.
	 * @param string $file The requested file to search for.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'parent_theme_file_uri', $url, $file );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the path of a file in the theme.
 *
 * Searches in the stylesheet directory before the template directory so themes
 * which inherit from a parent theme can just override one file.
 *
 * @since 4.7.0
 *
 * @param string $file Optional. File to search for in the stylesheet directory.
 * @return string The path of the file.
 */
function get_theme_file_path( $file = '' ) {
	$file = ltrim( $file, '/' );

	if ( empty( $file ) ) {
		$path = get_stylesheet_directory();
	} elseif ( file_exists( get_stylesheet_directory() . '/' . $file ) ) {
		$path = get_stylesheet_directory() . '/' . $file;
	} else {
		$path = get_template_directory() . '/' . $file;
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the path to a file in the theme.
	 *
	 * @since 4.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $path The file path.
	 * @param string $file The requested file to search for.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'theme_file_path', $path, $file );
}

/**
 * Retrieves the path of a file in the parent theme.
 *
 * @since 4.7.0
 *
 * @param string $file Optional. File to return the path for in the template directory.
 * @return string The path of the file.
 */
function get_parent_theme_file_path( $file = '' ) {
	$file = ltrim( $file, '/' );

	if ( empty( $file ) ) {
		$path = get_template_directory();
	} else {
		$path = get_template_directory() . '/' . $file;
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the path to a file in the parent theme.
	 *
	 * @since 4.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $path The file path.
	 * @param string $file The requested file to search for.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'parent_theme_file_path', $path, $file );
}

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